The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 163
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Sanish Source of the Mexican Constitution. 163
The verbal resemblance of the Mexican and Spanish constitutions
may readily be seen in the introductory clauses:
"In the name of Almighty God,
Father, Son and Holy Ghost, the Au-
thor and Supreme Legislator of the
"The general and extraordinary
Cortes of the Spanish nation * * *
do decree the following constitution."
"The nation is free and independ-
ent, and is not the patrimony of any
family or person whatever."
"The Roman Catholic and apostolic
religion, the only true one is, and al-
ways shall be, that of the Spanish
nation; the government protects it by
wise and just laws, and prohibits the
exercise of any other whatever."
"In the name of God Almighty,
Author and Supreme Legislator of
"The general constituent Congress
of the Mexican nation * * * do
decree the following constitution."
"The nation is forever free and in-
dependent of the Spanish government
and of every other power."
"The religion of the Mexican na-
tion is and will be perpetually the
Roman Catholic apostolic. The na-
tion will protect it by wise and just
laws, and prohibits the exercise of
any other whatever."
'This close parallelism can be traced through clause after clause,
showing not merely the adoption of the idea, but even the copying
of the very words. This same point may be illustrated by the plan
adopted of dividing the various topics; both constitutions use the
terms, titles, sections, and articles.; these last, furthermore, are num-
bered consecutively. The order of titles also may be noted. The
Spanish constitution has ten, of which the Mexican omits titles 1,
7, 8, and 9 and divides title 3 into two. With these changes the
topics -and order are practically the same, viz.: territory and religion,
form of government and separation of powers, into legislative, exe-
cutive, and judicial, local government, and lastly the method of
amending the constitution.
Without devoting further space to parallelisms of words, attention
will now be called to the ideas themselves. Undoubtedly the state-
ment of the fourth clause represents the victory of the Mexican fed-
eral party over the Centralists. It reads "The Mexican Nation
adopts for its government the republican, representative, popular,
federal form." In this we find the high water mark of American
influence; a republic, rather than a monarchy; a federation, rather
than a centralized government. The important difference between
the American and Mexican systems lies in the interpretation of fed-
eralism. In our system the national state was created by the local
states and, in 1824, the former was still comparatively weak as
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/173/: accessed February 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.