The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 179
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Route of Cabeza de Vaca.
six or seven leagues in width traversed by Rio de Conchas,8 which
flows by Nogales. - So these mountains, the space between them, the
river traversing it, and that the Indians grew corn there, were all
recognized by Escandon's expedition in 1749; and Cabeza de Vaca
could only have known what he says of this region from actual
'There being neither natural objects nor particular places men-
tioned to identify the three days' march made with the people of the
twenty houses, it may be assumed to have been along the south side
of Rio de Conchas to where 'Trinidad is now, where they received
.the gourds.4 From there they went on inland by the skirt of the
mountain more than fifty leagues, at the end of which they found
forty houses; and, among other things given them there, Dorantes
got a large copper hawkbell, having the figure of a face upon it,
which the Indians said they had obtained from others their neigh-
bors, who had brought it from towards the north, where there were
many such highly esteemed. And Cabeza de Vaca says they under-
stood that 'wherever it came from smelting and casting were
The only description of these fifty leagues being that they were
along the skirt of the mountain going inland, the calls for other
objects before and after reaching the forty houses must serve to iden-
tify their site with reasonable certainty.
By inland Cabeza de Vaca must have meant away from the coast,
and therefore in a westerly direction; and Sierra de Pamoranes,
within fifteen leagues of the coast and between it and the place
where they got the gourds, is a natural object in the rear to show
where the mountain along the skirt of which they traveled should
be situated. On the north side along there is an open plain, while
on the south side a high range of mountains extends from Burgos
'Prieto: Historia, Geografia, y Estadistica del Estado de Tamaulipas, p.
4Naufragios, Oap. XXIX. This name, gourds or guajes, is used by Prieto,
who says: "By this name there has always been kno-wn in Tamaulipas a
species of calabash of different shapes and sizes, which once dried by smoke
or heat of fires, are emptied of the seeds and interior filaments, the shell
remaining as resisting as if of wood, and ready to receive in its hollow all
classes of liquor." See his note 36, p. 121.
'Ibid., Cap. XXIX.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/191/: accessed March 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.