The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 183
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Route of Cabeza de Vaca.
things. Cort6s made his campaign along Lake Champayan in 1522,
driving into the mountains thousands of coast Indians, who might
have carried such things with them. Such articles may have been
obtained from Garay's command on its march through the country
from Rio de las Palmas to Pinuco in 1523, or from Pineda's ship
captured in the Panuco river by Indians. As Panuco is not over
ninety leagues from Linares, it is not very strange this hawkbell
should have been in the hands of Hualahuises at the latter place in
1536; and being brought from towards the North, or the Gulf
coast, these abundant opportunities to have obtained it there
strengthen the conclusion that it -was obtained there. And as the
Indians where they ate the pifones told the Spaniards "th at there
were many flat thin pieces of that metal buried" where it came from,
it is not impossible that those who captured! Pineda's ship should
have found on it the pieces of copper and buried them there.
In the ruins of las Palmas, a village destroyed by Cortes, Prieto
found a flat, sharp-pointed piece of copper five inches long. In
1850, a Mexican found, in the ruins in the valley of Tames, a small
golden cup, roughly wrought, and rather having the appearance of
a little bell; and later a farmer found, in the ruins above the houses
of Palmas Altas, on the left margin of the Tamesi,i four circular
plates of gold, three inches in diameter and weighing six ounces
each.6 'Finally, the golden image of the head and face of Quetzal-
coatl, found in the pyramid of Pajin south of Panuco, shows that
the people inhabiting that region at an early date had knowledge of
such metal; and it is probable that metallic things of value were
found in the sepulchres of the caciques round Panuco, as Guzrman
was not a person who would have been robbing so many graves if
they contained no valuable matter.
But having had no communication with Guzman or any person
in his province of Panuco, Cabeza de Vaca did not "always have
notice" of these things on the Sea of the North, as he called the
Gulf; and, therefore, he attributed them to the Sea of the South,
as he called the Pacific, though it was impossible for him to have
had any communication from Guzman or any of his followers, after
they went into Nueva Galicia, until he reached the Spanish settle-
2nPrieto: Historia, etc., pp. 39-40.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/195/: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.