The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 192
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192 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
ring to another river is used ,as if he were at the village on one river
and speaking of another up which they went; and as the town of
Tanzocob was on a river and the road to the cows was up another
and to the north, the expression suited the Tamesi for "aquel rio,"
or that other river. The Indians there told them "they brought the
corn from where the sun goes down," and being asked the way to go
there, they said the road was up that other river towards the north,"
doubtless meaning the other river which was towards the Gulf from
the town. So there were at least three rivers near there. At Valles
there are the Rio de Valles on the left margin of which the town
stands, the Rio Tames northeast of there, flowing down from the
north, and the Rio Bagres southeast of there, in the direction of the
Gulf, flowing down from the far west, or where the sun goes down,
,where maize grew all over the land. So it is believed that the In-
dian tribes, with their customs, and the three rivers so, related to
the site of the town, sufficiently identify it as the one whose people
the Spaniards called "de las Vacas."40
Cabeza de Vaca says: "We also desired to know from what place
they had brought that corn, and they told us that they brought it
from where the sun goes down, that it was in all that land, and the
nearest to there was on that road. We asked by what way we might
go well, and that they should inform us of the road, because they did
not want to go there. They told us the road was up that other
river towards the north, and that in seventeen days' journeys we
would find nothing to eat, except a fruit they called chacan, and
they beat it between some stones, though after this is done it is so
rough and dry that it cannot be eaten; and this was true, for there
they gave us a sample of it, and we could not eat it. 'They also told
us that while we would be going up the river we would always be
going among people who were their enemies and spoke their same
tongue, and who had nothing to give us to eat, but they would
receive us with very good will, and that they would give us many
robes of cotton and skins and other things of those they had; and
furthermore that it appeared to them that we ought in no wise to
take that road. Doubting what we ought to do, and what road we
should take that might be most to our advantage and purpose, we
40The question of the buffalo robes here will be discussed in Part III.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/204/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.