The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900 Page: 39
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The Communistic Colony of Bettina.
could not say at all; Ross was easier; but best of all they liked
Gaul, which seemed to afford them great amusement. Other In-
dian tribes visited us, but none caused us the least annoyance.
There were Lipans, Delawares, Kickapoos, Wacos, Choctaws,
Shawnees, and Comanches, making seven different tribes. After
January, 1848, no more Indians came.
Several Mormons arrived in the early spring to settle, but did
not carry out their intention.4 Shortly afterwards Bickel who
had made himself notorious in Fredericksburg came with some of
his followers and began a settlement, known as that of the Bic-
eliner. The leader, however, soon disappeared. He had two wives
who constantly quarreled. Next came the Castellaner who founded
the settlement Castell, which still exists.5 Their families came in
In the summer of 1848, our colony of "Bettina" went to pieces
like a bubble. As I have said, it was a communistic society and
accordingly had no real government. Since everybody was to work
if he pleased and when he pleased, the result was that less and less
work was done as time progressed. Most of the professional men
wanted to do the directing and ordering, while the mechanics and
laborers were to carry out their plans. Of course, the latter failed
to see the justice of this ruling, and so no one did anything. We
had made a field and raised 200 bushels of corn--our whole year's
crop. According to our contract with the Ad'elsverein, this com-
pany was to furnish us with supplies for the first year, but the
next we were to shift for ourselves. As it was, we still had a plenti-
ful supply of everything; yet that was bound to end some time;
and there was absolutely no prospect of our ever providing for our-
selves. I began to see this plainly. Having made arrangements
with some teamsters who had brought us some goods, I started for
Fredericksburg. Before I got there, eight others were on their
way thither; and thus our colony went to the four winds. Bub
was killed on the road by Indians.
I went to Meyersville, DeWitt County, Texas, and in that neigh-
'They afterwards settled near Fredericksburg. See Geschichte des
Adelsvereins, p. 108.-R. K., Ja.
"Named in honor of Count Karl of Castell, vice-president of the Adels-
verein.-R. K., JR.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900, periodical, 1900; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/m1/47/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.