The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 4
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4 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
provinces, which from the first were administered by the religious
teachers of Nuestro P. S. Francisco. of the holy Province of Jalisco.
The Fray Marcos de Niza pursued his journey, starting from Culia-
can, taking with him Fray Juan Olmedo with some Indians and
Esteban the negro, and he went following the same route which Fray
Juan had followed before. He arrived :at Petatlan, and running the
coast he discovered many provinces, passing more than three hundred
leagues further on than where the Spaniards had gone. He obtained
information of the seven cities of Quivira and of the three provinces
of Marata, Acuz, and Tonteac, which are many leagues further on
than the Sibolos, according to Gomara, Part I, folio 281, and Cor-
nelio Wiclef in chapter of Nueva Granada, page 161.
"This holy baron having examined these provinces, he determined
to send Esteban and some Indians to the province of the Sibolos, as
in fact he did. They were put to death by those barbarians, only
two escaping to bring the news to the holy father, who regretted their
loss as was reasonable, and the Indians seeing the mortality the Sibo-
las had made among their companions, and fearing that the father
might order them to go from that to, another province, they de-
termined to take his life, as Herrera says, by which they obliged him
to withdraw with much pain, not from fear of death, but because
those souls, as many as had been baptized, might be lost and aposta-
tize from the faith.
"He withdrew after having taken possession of all those provinces,
as stated by Herrera, Bernal Diaz del Castillo, cap. 201, fol. 235;
Villagran, canto III, cap. II, fol. XI; Cabrera, lib. 13, cap. II, page
1162; Juan de la Cruz, lib. 6, cap. XIV.
"Having seen the provinces of Marata, Acuz, and Tonteac, which
he called San Francisco, continuing the name given to them by Fray
Juan the first time he went into the land, as is affirmed by Juan de
la Cruz and Wiclef, he returned to New Spain, considering that if he
should die there the knowledge of all those lands might be lost, and
the baptized Indians inhabiting them, who were many, might apos-
"Be arrived at Mexico and gave an account to the viceroy, D. An-
tonio de Mendoza, of what he had seen, and how what the other
religious teacher had said was certain and true."3
'Tello, Cap. XCII.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/10/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.