The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 6
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6 Texas istorical Association Quarterly.
by making the map in the most exact manner possible for them.
A few days after that Cabeza de Vaca and Castillo. embarked at Vera
Cruz for Spain, commissioned by the viceroy to inform the monarch
of the land discovered.""
This shows they were commissioned by 1Mendoza to make the rela-
tion to the king, and that he desired to make the expedition.
Again, Zamacois says: "While the realm of New Spain flourished
visibly under the well managed government of the illustrious viceroy
Don Antonio Mendoza, an occurrence came to cut the good friend-
ship and excellent harmony which had reigned until then between
him and Hernan Cort6s. From the time notice of the existence of
the rich realm of Quivira ,and of its seven brilliant cities, in which
gold, silver, and pearls abound, was received, the viceroy proposed to
send an expedition to discover and take possession of the country.
On seeing the preparations being made to undertake the discovery, the
Marquis del Valle declared that the enterprise belonged to him, as
well on account of its being something analogous to his employment
of captain general, as by the privilege the king had conceded to him
for the discoveries on the South Sea. But the viceroy, who. desired
to participate in the glory promised by the aggregation of those
famous territories to the crown of Castile, proposed to commit the
expedition to Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, governor of New
Galicia, and notified the Marquis del Valle that he should desist from
taking %ny step in respect to the projected discovery."6
The extreme to which Mendoza carried his bitter opposition to any
part being taken by Cortes in the enterprise, cannot be better ex-
pressed than it is in the quotation following:
"In the statement of his grievances, Cort6s declares that Mendoza
not -only threw every possible obstacle in his way, seizing six or seven
vessels which failed to get away with Ullo.a, but that even after Ullo-a
had gone, the viceroy sent a strong force up the coast to. prevent the
ships from entering any of the ports. When stress of weather forced
one of the ships to put into Guatulco, the pilot .and sailors were im-
prisoned and the viceroy persistently refused to return the ship to
its owner. About the same time, a messenger who had been sent to
5Zana dois, Vol. IV, pp. 605-606.
Zamacois, Vol. IV, pp. 652-653.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/12/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.