The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 8
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8 Texas Historical Association Qua rterly.
1539,10 and .accompanied the friar as far as Culiacan, the northern-
most of the Spanish settlements. Here he provided, the friar with
Indians, provisions, and other things necessary for the journey to the
'The fact of Coronado's being there and entertaining Fray Marcos
about the date of his nomination being confirmed by the king, which
could not have reached him till a month or two later, is significant
-of some preconceived plan of operation; and if, as said by Gomara,
Fray Marcos passed by Culiacan in 1538, such indication is. even
stronger. But if, as stated by 'Tello, Fray Marcos de Niza under-
took the journey on foot and barefooted,12 the prospective leader of
the expedition to be gotten up on the holy father's report must have
made a queer appearance in company with such a pedestrian.
Again, it is said that "about midsummer of 1539, Friar Marcos
came back from Cibola. Coronado met him ,as he passed, through
New Galicia, and together they returned to Mexico to tell the viceroy
what the friar had seen and. heard. 'Coronado remained at the cap-
ital during the autumn and early winter, taking an active part in all
the preparations for the expedition which he was to, command. After
the final review in Compostela, he was placed in command of the
army, with the title of captain-general."13
.From this it appears that Coronado figured with Fray Marcos from
the beginning, accompanying him to Culiacan as he went out, and
joining hiin on the return and ,accompanying him to Mexico, where
the scheme of Mendoza for the expedition was perfected. And it is
not strange that Fray Marcos should report the Seven Cities, when
that theory had been handed round from a much earlier period. In-
deed, Guzman had with him an Indian who, told of his father having
gone "into the back country with fine feathers, to trade for ornaments,
and that when he came back he brought a large amount of gold and
1QGom ara says Fray VLar'os de Niza and another Francisan friiar went
in by 'Ouli'can in the year 1538. Historia de las Indias, Part I. Tit.
"Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 1892-93, Part I,
ITello, Cap. XCII.
18Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 1892-93, Part I,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/14/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.