The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 153
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Book Reviews and Notices.
General Law and, Private Acts. In 1871 the Legislature had
passed a general law for creating private corporations, and it was
published, and in, force, and many charters were taken out under it.
Subsequently it was ascertained that there was no enacting clause
to the bill. One of the most important acts of the 14th Legisla-
ture was a curative act practically reenacting the bill of 1871, and
further providing that all charters taken out under that act should
be valid. The first session of this 14th Legislature also passed
forty-seven acts for the creation or relief of private corporations.
The most important of these was, the bill for relief of the I. & G.
N. R. R. Co., by which that company was granted twenty sections of
land per mile of road, and immunity from taxation for twenty-five
years, in lieu of State bonds, to the amount of $10,000 per mile
which it clailmned under previous legislation.
There were eighty-six private bills at one session, prohibiting the
sale of intoxicants in the immediate vicinity of designated schools
and institutions of learning.
A general incorporation law for "Cities, and towns of 1000 in-
habitants or over" was passed.
On Ma-rch 13, 1875, the Legislature passed' a joint resolution 'to
take a vote of the people as to calling a constitutional convention.
The convention was called' and convened at Austin September 6th
and ,adjourned November 24th, 1875. The constitution prepared by
it was ratified by the people February 15th, 1876, and became
operative April 18th, 1876, and has since been the organic law of the
State, though several amendments have been made. A few of the
many changes thus accomplished are:
The giving of authority to the Legislature to regulate the quali-
fications of jurors.
The insertion in the Constitution of an entire article on Munici-
pal Corporations; one on Private Corporations; one on Railrolads.
Very extensive provisions as to taxation.
The creation of a new judicial system, including two courts of
last resort; three classes of trial courts, District, County, and Jus-
tice's, with jurisdiction distributed among them in a manner never
before provided in Texas.
The introduction of "local option" and usury laws.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/167/: accessed November 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.