The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 16
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16 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
Guanajuato joins San Luis Potosi from near south of Salsi-
puedes, .along the Sierra Gorda parallel with the Bagres river, or
Rio de S'anta Maria, as commonly called along there, up to Jaral
and on to the line of Jalisco, north of Vaquerio. This division line
passes a short distance south of the city of Santa Maria, and the
tribes of the Sierra Gorda there were much the same as those along
that part of the Bagres. From the northwest corner of Guanajuato
the dividing line between it and Jalisco passes between Los Lagos
'and Cerro Gigante, and most -of the route of C'abeza de Vaca as
drawn on the sketch from Santa Maria -del Rio to this mountain is
through ,territory of Guanajuato, passing through the district of
San Felipe and into that -of Leon. In both the municipalities of
the former there were -and still are Otomies and Chichimecas who
still speak the languages of their name; and these were in a land
of maize. 'Even now the municipality of San Felipe produces about
400,000 hectolitres of maize per year and 10,000 of beans; and that
of Ocampo about 100,000 hectolitres of corn and 20,000 of beans.
It was from this corn region of the Otomies and Chichimecas that
the corn was carried up on the point of Cerro Gigante; and these
people spoke Otomi ,and Nahoa, ;and understood Cabeza de Vaca.
East and southeast of the ,district of San Felipe is the district of
San Diego de la Union, in which there are still Otomies and Chi-
chimecas. 'These bordered on the south side of Rio Bagres. East
of it is the municipality of San Luis de la Paz which joins the State
of San Luis Potosi, and in it there are a great number lof Otomies.
It borders the line of the route designated for that of Cabeza de
Vaca on the south side of the Rio Bagres. The district of Victoria
joins San 'Luis Poto,si on the north and the State o.f Quer6taro on
the east, and the population of each of its municipalities is largely
Otomies. This finishes the south side of the line of San Luis Potosi
to almost in front of Salsipuedes and to the northeast corner of
Guanajuato and northwesterly corner of the State of Quer6taro.
Of the language of the State of Guanajuato, Velasco says:
"Nearly all the inhabitants speak Castilian. Among the Indians
Otcxmi, Tarasco, Paine, Chichimeca, .and Jarepecha (a Tarasco dia-
lect) are spoken" (p. 253). And it has already been shown that the
Nahoas were mixed with the Otomies as far south as the State of
Mexico,; and the Pames, a tribe of the Nahoa family, extended from
the State of Quer6taro north to Rio Conchas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/22/: accessed July 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.