The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 22
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22 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
women and some others were left crying, because they thought that
the strangers were not going to take anything, but would bless them
as Cabeza de Vaea and Dorantes had done when they passed through
Notwithstanding these expressions, wholly unsupported by any
reason for using them, or showing from whom or how Castafieda
got the information, the relation of Cabeza de Vaca repels the idea
of his having passed that place; and, therefore, his own words will
be presented as 'a proper answer to the theory of his having gone
He was in the prickly pear region when he ran off from his one-
eyed Mariame master and- went to the Avavares, with whom he
wintered in that region, 'among thorny, close 'chaparrals, where the
wounds he received from the thorns, in his naked condition, caused
him to contemplate the suffering of his Redeemer. After being
separated from the Avavares for five days and reaching them again,
he says: "And that night they gave me of the prickly pears they
had, and next day we passed on from there and went to where we
found many prickly pears, with which all satisfied their great
hunger."27 After curing the dead Susol Indian, he was given two
more baskets of prickly pears.28 'And he says he and his compan-
ions remained with those Avavar Indians eight months.29 'After
leaving the Avavares and going to where they ate the 'two dogs, be-
lieving they had strength to go forward, they left those Indians and
went to where they found fifty houses, and there the people gave
them to eat prickly pear leaves and green prickly pears broiled.0
This not only shows they were still among the prickly pears, but
that it was in the early spring, as the green fruit was large enough
to be broiled for food, though still green, which is the case in the
lower part of Zapata county sometimes as early as the twentieth day
2"Cap. XIX, Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, pp.
2TNaufragios, Oap. XXI.
28Ibid., ,Cap. XXII.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/28/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.