The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 24
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24 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
called fifty leagues to where they received the copper hawkbell, and
another day's march over a mountain whose stones were scorice of
iron to the houses on the beautiful stream where they ate the piiones,
Cabeza de Vaca says of the people: "They eat prickly pears and
pifiones.""89 (And here they received the first buffalo skins, where
there were prickly pears and pifhones. From this place they made
the journeys to the second large river, then through rough moun-
tains and finally to the place on a stream flowing between some
mountains where the captive Indian woman's father lived, finding
houses with foundations, where the people ate maize and pumpkins,
and thence in one day to the town of houses with foundations, where
they ate maize and pumpkins, and were given skins of buffalo.
Here the people went naked. From here they went up !a river
toward the sunset to find the place where maize grew all over the
land; and they received cow hides along the lower part of the river,
but Cabeza .de Vaca does not mention seeing a buffalo after leaving
the Avavares, yet does say he did not eat of their meat on his journey
up the river.
So they were in the prickly pear region to where they got the first
buffalo skins, and had left the Avavares when the green fruit was
already large enough to be broiled and eaten, though green. They
went to the latter place from the twenty houses near the coast, going
inland, which was from the first mountain they saw, also near the
coast. 'There is no mountain within fifteen leagues of the gulf
coast in a prickly pear region north of the Rio Grande; and Pamo-
ranes is the first so close south of it. So they must have gone in-
land or westward from the southern point -of this mountain; for if
there is another with such signs of identity, fifty years' acquaintance
with the country has failed to bring it to the writer's notice.
'This march being made in the early spring, if it had been north-
ward from the Avavares, the natural conditions would have been
very different. No mountain would have been found within fifteen
leagues of the coast. Oabeza de Vaca's turn to go inland was near a
mountain fifteen leagues from the coast in a prickly pear region, and
if there is no such place north of the mouth of the Bravo, and the
first one south of there is Pamoranes, then, at least, it may be said
89Naufragios, Cap. XXIX.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/30/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.