The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 28
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28 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
frags~os. Had the flocks of Indians, of whom Cabeza de Vaca tells,
following and going with them, been of those wandering on the
buffalo plains, they would have shown the Spaniards how to make
fires and cook without wood. But Cabeza de Vaca fails to men-
tion any such teaching, though he does tell how he got fuel out of
the thorny chaparrals during the winter he was with the Avavares.
Every .one living who was with the Sibley brigade in 1862, will
remember the snow that fell in Albuquerque the night General
Canby withdrew from in front of that place in April of that year.
It covered the ground several inches deep, and men heavily clad
suffered with cold; and had they been as nude as were Cabeza de Vaca
and his comrades, many might have perished, especially if they
had been out -on the plains northeast of there without knowing the
use of buffalo chips.
But Cabeza de Vaca's route from where he got the first buffalo
skins was first along the valleys where jack rabbits were abundant
and finally to houses with foundations, where they ate maize and
pumpkins, while those :at the barranca ate nothing but raw and
badly broiled buffalo meat, of which Cabeza de Vaca and his com-
rades ate none .after crossing the first great river.
(Should it be claimed that the place where Cabeza de Vaca found
the town on a stream flowing between some mountains, where the
Indians had houses with foundations, or the one a day's march fur-
ther on, was the barranca, then the fact -of his eating beans and
pumpkins there, when those of the barranca had nothing of the kind,
and the further fact that those of the barranca ate buffalo meat and
Cabeza de Vaca and his comrades did not, must be presumed to
show an irreconcilible difference between the two places. And an-
other marked .difference is. found in the fact that the people Cabeza
de Vaca met there went perfectly nude, showing a warm climate,
while those at the barranca were clad in skins and had large tents
made of the same material, showing they were accustomed to cold
weather. fThe fact of (Cabeza de Vaca's leaving this place and going
up a river which came from the sunset cannot be adjusted to the
barranca.3 But of the ravine and the hail storm there, Castafieda
says: "And broke all the crockery of the army, and the gourds,
"See Naufragios, Cap. XXX.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/34/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.