The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 29
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Route of Cabeza de Vaca. 29
which caused no little necessity, because they do not have any
crockery in this region, nor do they grow gourds, nor do they plant
maize, nor do they eat bread, but instead raw or badly broiled meat,
On leaving the place where he called the people los de las Vacas,
Cabeza de Vaca tells of thirty-five days' journey to where he was
waterbound, going to the sunset all the while, and had this been
from the barranca, or the Point of Rocks, it would have taken him
across by Taos and to the Red Fork of the Colorado, of the West,
about where the old trail from Santa Fe to Los Angeles in Cali-
fornia used to cross it, and had he then continued west to some
mountain with a town on the point -of it, where he got the maize,
and thence still westward, to meet Alcaraz, he would have been about
on Virgin river, in the country of the Pah Utahs, near where
Fremont crossed it in 1844; so that his Culiacan would have been
on the Sand Desert east of Owen's Lake.
The suggestion that the place where Cabeza de Vaca says they
ate piones might have been at the head of Utah creek, because
there are pinones there on the declivities of Raton mountain, lacks
the support of very important signs of identity mentioned by
C.abeza de Vaca. The first is the total absence of prickly pears,
there being none within hundreds of miles o-f Point of Rocks; and
the second is, that the place where Cabeza de Vaca found the
piiones was inland from the mountain standing within fifteen
leagues of the Gulf coast, and was reached before crossing the sec-
ond large river; and had they gone from Pamoranes, without re-
crossing the Bravo, they would have been forced to go, around the
head of it. The third is that Cabeza de Vaca makes no mention of
any cold weather where he found the pinones, while if it had been
at the head of Utah creek, the country would ,most likely have been
covered with snow; and if he traveled northward from the Gulf
coast, he would certainly have noticed the prairie dog towns for
more than three hundred miles, and would have mentioned these
animals along his march from the barranca instead of telling the
jack rabbit story and fitting it to the country beyond Galeana.
The story of the German king's celebrated painting of a wheat
"Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, Part I, p. 442.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/35/: accessed June 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.