The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901 Page: 3
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Route of Cabeza de Vaca.
footed, being already very old, with zeal for the .salvation of souls,
that although the religious teachers disturbed it, for that he did not
abandon the journey, as Herrera says, decade VI., lib. 1, cap. i, p.
201, carrying with him Fray Juan Olmedo, who was of the province
of Jalisco; and though Torquemada says he took him for a guide, it
was not for this alone, but not to burden the holy province of Jalisco,
whose son Fray Juan Olmedo was, and that he would take him, as
his sons had labored for the glory and honor of having sent laborers
to the vineyard of the Lord, of so many and such barbarous nations.
See Juan ,de la Cumz, lib. 6, .cap. II, and Cabrera, lib. 13, clap. II, p.
"He arrived at the town of San Miguel, which they call Culiacan,
and received notice that a short time before there had arrived at the
port of Mazatlan four men, one called Andres Dorantes, another
Alvar Nufiez Cabeza de Vaca, another Juan del Castillo, another
Esteban a negro, and Maldonado, who, as Cabrera says, escaped from
the fleet which Panfilo de Narvaez took to Florida. The Indians
killed him and all his soldiers, without any .more than these escaping,
who in the utmost confusion and disorder arrived at those ports, dis-
covering large provinces and nations; and having lost the vessel, they
went inland towards Jalisco where they met Captain Diego de Alcaraz
and the captain Melchor Diaz, who was afterwards aicalde mayor of
Culican."a (,He was made captain under Coronado in 1540.)
Here is a glimpse of the accounts about the arrival of Cabeza de
Vaca, tending to show he came out in Jalisco, and that it was at a
later date that Melchor Diaz became alcalde mayor of Culiacan; and
it is cited from Cabrera. Now, if he was made such after Fray Mar-
cos de Niza arrived at Culiacan, which was in 1538, by both this
account and that of Francisco Gomara, then it was to succeed the
nobleman Tapia. This is not only consonant with the records, but
with all of Cabeza de Vaca's relation of the meeting with Alcaraz.
Tello goes on and says: "Fro.m there (Culiacan) the reverend
Fray Marcos de Niza made a report of his journey to the viceroy, and
gave a very extensive account of all the ports of the South Sea, of
those provinces and nations; and the viceroy, having received the
account of said father, sent him orders to take possession of all those
2Tello, Cap. XCII.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 4, July 1900 - April, 1901, periodical, 1901; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101018/m1/9/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.