The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 262
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262 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
30th parallel, was included in his instructions. The Spanish min-
ister, it seems, made no reply to this, and because he made none
Mr. Adams construed his action into a tacit admission upon the
part of Spain that Texas was a part of Louisiana. This is what
has passed into history as an admission by Spain that Texas was
included in the L6uisiana Purchase. If there is not enough inher-
ent weakness in this argument, the subsequent contest of Spain
and the United States clearly shows the position of Spain. As
soon as the commander of the United States forces at New Orleans
saw the Spanish soldiers safely out of the city, and the inhabitants
settled down to the new order of things, he began to move troops
to the western outposts. As he approached the old boundary line
that in practice had been settled upon between France and Spain
from 1735 to 1762, he was met by a formidable Spanish force and
notified that further encroachments would be treated as invasion
of Spanish territory. lie then abandoned the idea of taking pos-
session of Texas and made a treaty for a neutral ground and sus-
pension of hostilities, virtually the same neutral ground that sepa-
rated the French and Spanish settlements in 1762. This was in
November, 1806. Between this date and the treaty of 1819, neither
country encroached upon this ground, but it is interesting to note
what the United States did in the meantime. Though they had
agreed not to attempt an invasion of Texas, upon the admission
of Louisiana in 1812, the Sabine was defined as its western boun-
dary. Laussat's instructions, as defined by him, excluded West
Florida from the Louisiana Purchase, yet the United States pro-
ceeded to appropriate that, cutting off all west of Pearl river and
adding it to Louisiana, and later on dividing the balance between
Alabama and Mississippi. In other words, the United States took
forcible possession of Spanish territory which Laussat said did not
belong to France, while on the other hand they gave up to Spain
what Laussat said belonged to France. Independently, however,
of all this, it is difficult to understand how a mere instruction of
France to Victor or Laussat to take possession of Texas could form
the basis of title to a country she never owned, and never made any
serious attempt to occupy, and Prof. Ficklen's able paper has shown
it up in such a way as to virtually eliminate it from historical dis-
Z. T. FULMORE.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/268/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.