The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 30
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30 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
sition of territory to the Pacific, was the second great step in the
history of territorial expansion, a glance at the history of expan-
sion in general in the United States will afford some light upon
the attitude assumed in some sections against the measure.
Sectional jealousy is coeval with the history of the country. In
the original formation of the Union it manifested itself in various
ways. The purchase of Louisiana in 1803, however, was the cul-
mination, in the eyes of New England, of a series of outrages in
that section which justified extreme measures. To meet the argu-
ment that the larger part of the acquisition would be in the north-
ern section of the Union, they said, "This will be formed into new
States, and the South will use them to govern the East, until grow-
ing in numbers themselves, will combine to rule both the South
and East. Under either set of rulers, New England is doomed."
Public meetings were held, resolutions adopted, and memorials pre-
pared looking to the formation of a northern confederacy. New
York was to be secured by the influence of Aaron Burr, who, as
part of the scheme, became a candidate for governor of his State.
His defeat, to take the lead in a similar scheme a year or two
later, together with discouragements from the great mass of cen-
servative citizens, put an end to the first effort at secession. The
agitation, however, led to the preparation of a constitutional
amendment restricting congressional representation of the South-
ern States to the actual number of the free white population. The
proposition to submit it to the people passed the lower house by the
aid of Southern votes, but failed to pass the Senate.1
The fight on the Louisiana question, however, did not stop at
this point. Every obstacle that partisan genius could invent was
put in the way of establishing a territorial government over Louis-
iana. The same constitutional questions were raised by the Feder-
alists of that day as are now raised by Democrats over our recent
acquisitions, and the same answers made by the strict construction-
ists of that day as are now made by the loose constructionists.
Overcome at this point, the next opposition was to the admission
of Louisiana as a State. Josiah Quincy, then representing Massa-
chusetts in the United States Senate, and the leader of the opposi-
tion, again raised the secession flag, but the disadvantages of a
'McMaster's Hist. People U. S., Vol. III, p. 45 et seq., and authorities.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/36/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.