The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 354
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354 Texas historical Association Quarterlj.
the two worlds. The Spanish chroniclers, he avers, generally wrote
in the same spirit and with the same suppression of the truth, the
one prominent reliable witness being Las Casas. So 'the history
of the conquest, grossly falsified, remained a series of laudatory
panegyrics for the conquerors and severe diatribes against the
natives.' Since, however, the principal Spanish-American colonies
have become independent, the publication of the documents in their
possession has been going on, though slowly; but in spite of this,
modern historians, under the influence of the past, 'have continued
making, perhaps unconsciously, of the conquest a deceptive picture
in which the figures of the Spanish adventurers, although in some
degree lessened, appear colossal still;' while the natives 'are seen
so little and insignificant that they almost pass unnoticed.' 'It is
necessary, then, that some voice, even if it be at the end of the Nine-
teenth Century, render due tribute to truth and justice, and at the
same time to the outraged memory of the unfortunate natives of
This will suffice to show Sefior Garcia's conception of the task he
has set himself. How faithfully he addresses himself to it, the pit-
iful story that he has put together from the sources-in large
measure quoted literally-will testify abundantly. On this it is not
worth while to dwell, but the reader will find in the footnotes
abundant references by which the accuracy of the author can be
One of the most valuable features of the work is an intelligently
annotated bibliography, which students of Southwestern history will
find very useful.
It is only natural that such a work, written in the spirit of ad-
vanced Liberalism, should incur sharp criticism in a country where
there is still so much influence wielded by the Clericals. This crit-
icism has found a voice especially in Sefior Francisco Sosa, who
accuses Sefior Garcia of defaming the Spanish race and of abasing
the Spanish conquistadores in order to exalt the North Americans.
The result has been a considerable output of controversial literature.
With all this, however, the reviewer has nothing to do at present.
He has only to say that those who do not wish to ignore any stand-
point in seeking for the true significance of Spanish-American his-
tory cannot afford to neglect this book.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/360/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.