The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 32
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32 Texas Historical Association Quar'terly.
term, he left Virginia and went to Missouri, and there engaged first
in mining, then in banking. When Missouri reached the necessary
stage of development to entitle her to admission as a State into the
Union, Austin, true to the instinct; of the pioneer, left and came
to Texas. His son, Stephen F. Austin, who succeeded him in his
colonizing enterprise, was, like many Southern men of that day,
an avowed opponent of the institution of slavery. The promulga-
tion of the Monroe doctrine in 1823 was a virtual guaranty of the
autonomy of Mexico, and the relations between that country and
the United States at that time were of the friendliest character.
Many individual citizens of the United States had aided Me:ico in
her revolution, and the Monroe doctrine was an especial sign of the
friendship of the Northern republic. The result was the enactment
of liberal colonization laws in terms inviting population to her
borders. In response to this, besides Austin, a number of emp c-
sarios entered into contracts to bring in settlers. Of these, Rob-
ertson, DeWitt, Edwards, Milam, Thorn, and Chambers were from
the slave holding States, and Burnet and Vehlein from the non-
slave holding States; De Leon, Dominguez, Zavala, Filisola, and
Padilla were Mexicans; Purnell, Drake, Exeter, Wilson, S. J.
Wilson, and Beales were Englishmen; Cameron a Scotchman; and
Powers, McMullen, and McGloin, Irishmen. The only empresarios
who actually introduced permanent settlers into the State, besides
Austin, were Robertson, De Witt, De Leon, Powers, and McMullen
and McGloin. Those introduced into the colonies of the three first
named constituted ninety per cent. of the population in 1835.
Austin was a pioneer by inheritance and education. Robertson,
though a native of North Carolina, was carried when a child to
Tennessee by his father, who was the brother and partner of Gen.
James Robertson, the founder of Nashville. De Witt was a native
Kentuckian, but like Moses Austin, went to Missouri at an early
day, and was a conspicuous factor in its development from a wil-
derness to a State. Austin's colonists were from all parts of the
United States and the principal countries of Europe. As many a.s
sixty families came to his colony at one time from the State of New
York. The colonists of Robertson and De Witt were principally
from Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri. As a rule, they were a
race of pioneers, the boldest and most successful that had ever
reclaimed any part of the great area of the United States. The
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/38/: accessed April 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.