The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 33
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The Annexation of Texas and the Mexican War. 33
pioneers of the North who crossed the Alleghanies were not able
to cope with the savage in Ohio until Mad Anthony Wayne planted
the flag in advance of the outermost settlements. As he pushed on
to Indiana and Michigan, Winm. Henry Harrison performed the
same service, and later on, Zachary, Taylor cleared the wilderness
of Illinois and Wisconsin. In the Southeast the same policy had
to be pursued by the government of the United States in driving
back the Seminoles, Creeks, and others, but the westward stream
that started out from Virginia and the Carolinas crossed the Alle-
ghanies and unaided drove out the savages, reclaimed the fertile
territory of Kentucky and Tennessee, demanded an outlet through
the Mississippi, spurred Mr. Jefferson to purchase Louisiana,
crossed the Mississippi, settled Missouri and Arkansas and started
them on their career as States in the Union, and from 1822 to 1836
struggled and fought in Texas against the greatest odds of any pio-
neer population in the history of the country.
This was the predominant element that gradually coalesced with
kindred spirits from all climes and laid the political founda-
tions of Texas. In the organization of the first government, David
G. Burnet, a New Jersey man, was president, and Lorenzo De
Zavala, of Mexico, vice-president. Maine gave Ebenezer Allen, the
second attorney general, and Timothy Pilsbury, one of the first
representatives both in the Texas and the United States Congress.
From New H-ampshire came Joshua Fletcher, first treasurer of the
provisional government; from Vermont, Ira Ingram, first speaker
of the Texas Congress, and Royal T. Wheeler, one of the first
justices of the supreme court; from Massachusetts, Anson Jones,
third president, and Asa Brigham, first treasurer of the Republic;
from Connecticut, besides the Austins, Eliphalet M. Pease, comp-
troller, member of the legislature and governor, and Ashbel Smith,
minister to Great Britain and France; from New York, Gail
Borden, member of the Consultation, Jno. P. Borden, first com-
missioner of the general land office, Thomas H. Borden and Fran-
cis A. Moore, editors and proprietors of the quasi official newspaper
of the Republic, Louis P. Cook, second secretary of the navy,
Erastus Smith, Thos. J. Pilgrim, and others conspicuous in the
various walks of life; from Pennsylvania, S. Rhoads Fisher, first
secretary of the navy, David S. Kaufman, several times speaker of
the lower house of Congress and one of the first two members for
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/39/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.