The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 35
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The Annexation of Texas and the JMexican War. 35
is now the State, pursuing different occupations and having dif-
ferent wants, all with a capital over a thousand miles distant, with
no railroad nor telegraph, nor even well defined roads, having
department chiefs with undefined powers, legislative, executive,
and judicial, and a suffrage system so hampered as to render it
useless, no laws being published and distributed among the masses.
These were but a few of the many insuperable obstacles to the
maintenance of a republican government in the dual State of
Coahuila and Texas.
The revolution which began in Texas in 1835 owed its existence
to causes not confined to Texas. The movement was quite general
throughout Mexico, but in those States nearest to the national cap-
ital the presence of an organized military force under the direc-
tion of Santa Anna rendered actual resistance useless. Zacatecas
made a bold stand, but her defeat was so crushing as to put the
whole population of Mexico at the feet of the usurper. Coahuila
was in a state of anarchy, and under the power of one of Santa
Anna's generals, and it remained for Texans either to abandon
their homes and fly across the Sabine, or to remain and resist.
They did the latter, not as a separate and independent sovereignty,
but as a State under the Mexican flag. The heroes of the Alamo
perished fighting under that flag, and while the declaration of
independence was being adopted in convention at Old Washington
Santa Anna was held in check at San Antonio by Travis and his
men. These aspects of the Texas revolution seem to have been
ignored by so careful a historian as Woodrow Wilson.
Two attempts had been made by John Quincy Adams, and one
in the early part of General Jackson's administration, to purchase
Texas from Mexico, neither of which was inspired by the residents
After the battle of San Jacinto the policy of anexation was gen-
erally favored in Texas, but the overtures of Texas met with no
favorable response in the United States. As Texas grew in popula-
tion and wealth the annexation sentiment grew in the United
States, but it took no practical shape until after Mexico made two
feeble and ineffectual attempts to invade Texas in 1842. A suc-
cessful defense of her territory against all attempts at reconquest,
and the maintenance of a well organized civil government from
1836 on in the minds of many justified a recognition of her status
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/41/: accessed May 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.