The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 47
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The Annexation of Texas and the Mexican War. 47
Texas started on her career as a republic with a population of
only about 30,000, and with an area of over 300,000 square miles.
If her title had depended upon actual occupancy, thousands of
square miles would still be "no man's land," although her popula-
tion has swelled to 3,000,000. The exercise of jurisdiction is an
incident of population. The ability to drive away intruders, and
to continuously protect territory from intrusion, was the basis of
the claim to the dominion which Texas had over this strip. When
General Taylor took possession he did so by permission of Texas.
Mexico had never driven an intruder from it since 1836, whereas
Texas had driven the Mexicans from it, in November and Decem-
ber, 1835, in 1836, in March, 1842, in September, 1842, and in
1845 her constructive possession was as complete as it was to over
200,000 square miles of other territory, conceded by all to belong
to Texas proper.
Von Iolst says1 that Texas admitted that she had no title west
of the Nueces by making an alliance with the leaders of the move-
ment for the Republic of the Rio Grande. In this he has been mis-
informed. President Lamar not only refused2 to enter into any
such alliance, but ordered the forces that had gathered on the
west bank of the Nueces to disperse.
Time and space will not allow a notice of the many errors in
fact, and still more in conclusion, that now pass current as the
history of annexation and the Mexican war. When they are sifted
out and weighed, it will clearly appear that the origin, growth, and
development of Texas into a republic and her subsequent annexa-
tion to the United States was neither a Northern nor a Southern,
but a purely Western movement, neither long retarded by the abo-
litionist nor hastened by the slaveholder, nor seriously affected by
the political storms of the East; but a movement having its inspi-
ration in the minds of a class which before the beginning of the
last century crossed the Alleghanies and gave to civilization the
fertile valley of the Mississippi. It will be seen that its motive
power was neither sectional nor political in the partisan sense of
'Vol. II, p. 86.
2Brown, Hist. Tex., Vol. II, p. 173.
'Thrall, Hist. Teo., p. 307.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/53/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.