The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902 Page: 86
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86 T'exas istorical Association Quarterly.
The next year, 1829, we removed to old San Felipe on the Brazos
river, where the land office was located. All the land grants and
donations were signed up at IV[onclova.1
In 1831 and 1832, the colonists had trouble with the coast In-
dians. They were large Indians, very warlike, and fierce fighters;
but there were few of them, and they were soon annihilated. About
the close of the Carankawa Indian troubles, the Comanche Indians
became hostile. They were quite numerous, and on most of their
raids they were on horseback. Being excellent riders they found it
easy to mount themselves, as the country was full of wild horses.
The settlers had excellent horses brought from the old States, and
these Indians dearly loved, on moonshiny nights, to steal these gen-
tle horses. Several times they set my folks afoot by stealing all
the horses we had. In such cases the settlers were compelled to buy
horses from the Mexican traders. Their horses were small, but
hardy, and could live entirely on grass. Most farmers used oxen
in breaking land and cultivating their farms.
In 1832 my father moved from San Felipe to the Colorado
river where Columbus is now situated, and it was at this place that
we suffered most from Indian raids.
My father died in 1833.
There were then no schools, and there was but little preaching.
In 1834 my mother employed an Irishman by the name of Lovelady
to teach school at her house. The children of neighbors attended.
This was my first school experience, and I must say that the Irish
school teacher believed in that good old Bible doctrine, "Spare the
'To colonists, introduced by empresarios, titles were issued upon the
certificate of the enpresario by the commissioner appointed by the State
legislature; titles were issued directly to individuals by the government
only when these individuals wished to purchase lands lying without
cmpresario grants. See A Comprehensive History of Texas, I 802.
Monclova had been declared the capital of the State as early as Sep-
tember 25, 1828. However, the capital remained at Saltillo until 1833,
when Monclova was decreed such a second time. A revolution resulted.
Texas recognized the government at Monclova as the legal one. (Laos
and Decrees of Coahuila and Texas, 107, 207; Brown, History of Texas,
'This is rather overstating the facts. There was a remnant of them in
Texas as late as 1847. See A Comprehensive History of Texas, I 727.-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 5, July 1901 - April, 1902, periodical, 1902; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101021/m1/92/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.