The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 6
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6 wTexas Historical Association Quarterly.
men, and to keep watch on the Spaniards.1 He ascended the river
seventy leagues from its mouth to the country of the Nachitoches
Indians, and thence a hundred leagues farther to the village of the
Caddos. These Indians informed Saint-Denis that they had seen no
Spaniards for more than two years.2 In 1703 another company of
Canadians, twenty in number, set out to discover New Mexico, and
to see the fabled mines of that region; but of the success of the
expedition we have no record.3 It is probable also that about the
year 1705 Saint-Denis led another party up Red River to the Nach-
itoches, and thence to the Asinais, and across Texas to the Rio
Of all this activity of the French, their incursions into Spanish
territory, and the rapid westward extension of French influence,
the Spaniards of Mexico remained ignorant. The governor of
Pensacola, who was better situated for observing the rival colony,
appeared at Biloxi, May, 1700, and made formal protest against
the French occupation of the Gulf shore, declaring that Louisiana
was a part of Mexico, and that Florida and Mexico should not be
separated by the intrusion of a foreign and hostile people. He
also from time to time sent warning to the viceroy of Mexico. But
no attempt was made to eject the intruders, and they persevered
in their task of exploring the rivers and the valleys of Louisiana,
and of fixing themselves more firmly in the friendship of the
In September, 1712, the sieur Antoine Crozat received a grant
of a monopoly of the trade of Louisiana for a period of fifteen
years. The document securing to Crozat this exclusive right of
trade for the first time attempted to define the limits of Louisiana.
The field of his operations, as set forth in the royal grant, was to
'Journal Historique, 34.
2Margry, V 421.
8Letter of Iberville, Margry, VI 180.
'In the Declaraci6n, Texas MSS., 125, Saint-Denis states, under date
of June 22, 1715, that it had been ten years since he traveled over the
route from Mobile to the Rio Grande. There is no statement of the pur-
pose of such an expedition.
5Journal Historique, 18, and Lettre d'Andrez de Riola, gouverneur de
Pensacola, Margry, IV 487, 539.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/10/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.