The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 12
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12 Tewas Historical Association Quarterly.
of them still adhered to the Catholic faith.' Among this number
was Bernadino, their governor, probably the same Bernadino men-
tioned in Leon's and Teran's narratives.2 The Indians earnestly
urged Saint-Denis to ask the Spanish missionaries to return and
establish missions among them, expressing a particular desire to
see again Fray Hidalgo and Captain Urrutia. Bernadino and
twenty-five of his men set out to accompany the party of French-
men to act as guides, and to solicit in person a return of the mis-
sionaries to their village. On the bank of the San Marcos they
encountered a band of two hundred hostile Indians from the coast
country, the mortal enemies of the Asinais." A fierce battle fol-
lowed, in which the Asinais were victorious, killing twelve of the
enemy and wounding many others. They pursued the defeated sav-
ages to their rancherias, where they compelled them to make peace.
All of the Asinais then, except Bernadino and three others, turned
back home. The remnant of the party continued the journey, pass-
ing the San Antonio river, where was an Indian village. Saint-
Denis remarked the spot, observing that it was very suitable for a
village, and worthy a good presidio.4 At the end of about six
weeks, during which time they had traveled one hundred and
twenty leagues from the country of the Asinais, they arrived5 at the
a great number of cattle." The rumor would presumably have reached
Pensacola in an exaggerated and twisted form, but the facts are in the
main correct. It is to be understood, however, that they carried away the
cattle from the country of the Asinais, and not from Coahuila. La Harpe,
as cited above, says: "Saint-Denis, after this expedition [to the Asinais],
returned to the Natchez, 113 leagues, to the Mississippi, to give an account
of his journey to M. de Lamothe. He took in this place the goods of
which he had need and, having ascended the Red River with five French-
men, returned to the Nachitoches, and thence to the Asinais."
'P6nicaut (Margry, V 499) mentions a woman named Angelica who had
been baptized by a Spanish priest, and spoke the Spanish language well
enough to act as interpreter.
2Bonilla, Breve Compendio de los sucesos de texas, Texas MSS., 6 vueta,
says it was the "ancient governor."
'Bonilla, ibid., says, "Naturally, they must have been Apaches."
'This was probably the spot where the mission and presidio of San Anto-
nio were established a few years later.
'Probably early in 1715, as Saint-Denis sent a letter to Cadillac dated
February, 1715, telling him of their arrival at the presidio. Margry, VI,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/16/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.