The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 188
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188 Texas Historical Association QuarterB y.
The material included in these reports relative to Laredo,
founded two years before the Inspecci6n, is given here in full,
except that duplicated evidence is given but once. Cuervo's report,
though based upon the depositions following, is given first because
it contains the fullest information concerning the steps leading up
to the foundation of the town.
In the translation, the manuscript has been followed in the spell-
ing of proper names, and in capitalization, except where proper
names were written without capitals. All words enclosed in brack-
ets were supplied by the translator.
1. Cuervo's Report of his Ynspeccion.1
TOWN OF LAREDO.
This little settlement was formed on the 15th of May, 1755.2
It was located on the north banks of the large river of this name
[Rio Grande del Norte] in a dry, level country. Its temperature
is Hot in summer and cold in Winter, and its inhabitants say that
it is healthy.
Its foundation sprang from the circumstances that, the present
Captain, Dn. Thomas Sanchez, finding himself placed with his
Goods and Stock on the other bank of the River, opposite the
in the form of autos, diligencias, declaraciones, etc., written on the ground
where the examinations were made. Number 54 called (on the title page)
Informe del Reconocimiento e Ynspecion de la Colonia del Seno Mexicano,
etc., is Tienda de Cuervo's autograph report to the viceroy summarizing
the results of his survey, and making recommendations based upon it;
while number 53, designated (on the title page) as Descripcion General
de la Nueva Golonia de Santander, y Relaciones Individuales, etc., is
Lopez's description of the colony based upon the documents in volumes
55 and 56, supplemented by his own observations.
'Archivo General, Secci6n de Historia, 54, folios 208-213, document num-
ber 19. This report to the viceroy is dated October 13, 1757.
2Thrall (Pictorial History of Texas, 30), copying a mistake from the
Texas Almanac (1868- p. 111), says Laredo was founded in 1757.
3Prieto (Historia, Geografia y Estadistica, 188) says that Sanchez had
crossed the Rio Grande and established his rancherias where he later
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/192/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.