The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 30
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30 Texas Historical Association Quar-terly.
master in the villa of San Fernando, and (possibly for this reason)
finds himself unable to support his family. He asks for a license
to engage in public writing, and after five or six persons have been
examined, in order to ascertain his character, his request is granted.
School-teaching certainly did not seem to pay in San Fernando,
although at times the residents of the community seemed to rec-
ognize the importance of having a few men of some educational
ability in their midst.
The next important educational effort occurred during the revo-
lutonary days of 1811. On January 22 of that year Juan Bautista
Casas overthrew the regular government and proclaimed one favor-
able to the Mexican revolutionists. His actions while in power
caused many to become disgusted with him, so the curate, Juan
Manuel Zambrano,1 organized a counter-revolution and overthrew
him, March 1, 1811. Then Zambrano with a junta of eleven mem-
bers, was selected by the principal inhabitants of San Fernando to
administer the affairs of government and restore the royal author-
ity.2 It was this junta that took measures to organize more thor-
oughly the school system of San Antonio by providing for the
building of a school-house. Possibly Zambrano may have wished
to impress the people with the desirability of continuing longer
under the monarchial rule of Spain; or it may be that some of
Hidalgo's emissaries, who fell into the hands of the counter-revo-
lutionists, had carried considerable treasure with them, and the
junta had considered this as the most profitable way of spending it.
At any rate, 855 pesos were handed over to Don Bicente Travieso
to be expended in the erection of a suitable building to serve as a
school-house. In August, 1812, he was ready to submit his account,
with its accompanying vouchers, showing the expenditure of 843
pesos and five reales. The accounts were formally passed upon by
'Juan Manuel Zambrano had been banished from the province of Texas
in 1807 upon petition of citizens and municipal officers alike for conduct
unworthy of a priest. After his successful counter-revolution he was
made a lieutenant colonel of the militia. In 1818 he was in command of
the post of Bahia, but was later deprived of his office. Subsequently he
appears as one of the escrutadores in an electoral junta of 1820. Evi-
dently his career was full of vicissitudes.
'Bancroft, North Mexican States and Texas, II 17, 18.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/34/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.