The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 34
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34 Tewas Historical Association Quarterly.
At a later meeting in 1817, they were informed by the teacher
that some parents still persisted in the old abuse of taking their
children from the school, without any motive, while others had
entirely forgotten to comply with the order to send them. After
mature deliberation, the village fathers decided that parents with-
out any excuse should send their children to school, under penalty
of suffering a fine of three pesos, and whatever punishment in addi-
tion should be esteemed just. The governor could make what dis-
position he pleased with reference to the children of soldiers.'
Three years later and in the year following were made the final
efforts under the old regime. The cabildo again took into consid-
eration "the establishment of a school for the instruction of the
children." Don Ygnacio Villa Sefior was appointed a commis-
sioner, to look after "the good order and management of the
school." Don Ygnacio had complete authority from the governor
and from the ayunlamiento (or cabildo) to enable him to bestow
rewards or to punish those who failed in their duty to the school-
master, in his teaching of the children. He had the same control
over the parents with regard to the payment of tuition fees, and he
was to notify them that on the last day of the coming month they
must pay to their ward commissioner their school fees, according
to their respective salaries.2
At the meeting held on the twenty-second of the following Feb-
ruary the four members of the cabildo then present, resolved to
request Governor Martinez to issue a proclamation requiring par-
ents to keep their children within doors until a school should be
established to give them the necessary education. In this manner
they might prevent the gatherings which certain youths were accus-
tomed to hold at night on the streets and plazas, and also keep
them from balls and other spectacles improper for childhood. Two
weeks later, as they thought that the youth of the city, through
parental carelessness, were still given too much liberty to roam the
streets, they received with favor the proposition of a citizen to
establish a school at the expense of these same negligent parents.
They were very willing to grant the request of the petitioner, for
"Act of cabildo, April 10, 1817. MS. in city clerk's office, San Antonio.
"Acts of cabildo, February 10 and May 25, 1820. MSS. in city clerk's
office in San Antonio.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/38/: accessed March 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.