The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 39
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Educational Eforts in San Fernando.
officials concerning the best form of education. Very likely the
Lancasterian system would have been the best adapted to their use,
in order to reach the greatest number of pupils with the least outlay
of money, but as a matter of fact, the State had no public money
whatever to be used for schools, and never did have while the union
of Texas with Coahuila lasted. The churchly element, too, still
continued to constitute the greater portion of an all-round Mexican
education. Aside from this, only the merest smattering of learning
could be attempted. This was all that could be expected, at that
time, for each community must begin almost from the very bottom
in erecting its public school system. The native love of display
was also to be strongly encouraged by suitable rewards for "virtue
and application." It is such a system as we should imagine an
oppressed people, just entering into a state of freedom, would
adopt; and especially when they had a very hazy idea of the
responsibilities connected with this same freedom. The authorities
seemed to feel the need of some system of education, but they were
unable to hit upon the right way for obtaining it. However, they
should be given credit for the desire, if not for its fulfillment.
Three years later the State congress inaugurated a policy that
promised more definite results. The various municipalities were to
sell the public property within their limits. In all the capital
towns of departments, where the funds were sufficient, primary
schools should be established. In addition to the subjects already
mentioned, instruction should be given in the elements of geog-
raphy, morals, polities, and good breeding. The ayuntamientos
were to designate buildings, as large as could be found, for the pur-
poses of instruction and for the residence of the teacher. Schools
were to be established in other towns as soon as possible, and in
the most practicable manner. In addition to the private revenue
belonging to the schools, one-half of the annual product of the
municipal funds should be devoted to educational purposes, until
the amount of the annual school fund should reach two thousand
dollars. All vacant property was to revert to the State and was to
be used for the schools. In all department and district capitals
"juntas of public education" should be organized, consisting of the
president of the ayuntamiento, the parish curate, and one other,
appointed by the State executive. This junta was to have charge
of funds, look after the attendance of pupils, employ qualified
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/43/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.