The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 44
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44 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
to extend respectively from December 23 to January 1, and from
the Wednesday of Holy Week to Easter Saturday. On festival
days "of only one cross" school should be held as usual. Until the
creation of a special fund, pupils should furnish their own books,
paper, pens, etc.
The course of study was to include "reading from book and from
manuscript, writing, accounting in the first five and principal rules,
of arithmetic, "some knowledge of the grammar of the language, of
the doctrine of our Holy Religion from the catechism of Father
Ripalda, and the principles of good moral and political behavior
and of the remaining social virtues." For his services in teaching
these branches the school-master was to receive 500 pesos, but could
accept no fees in addition from the pupils. Public "disputations"
were to be held every four months. Some members of the ayun-
tamiento were to visit the school each week, and for their first visit
the teacher must have his list of pupils ready for inspection.
The length of the daily sessions would have been terrifying alike
to modern pupil and teacher. In the summer-from April to
October--they extended from six to eleven in the morning, and
from two to six in the afternoon. During the winter the morning
session extended from seven until twelve, but the afternoon session
was unchanged. The school was to be opened and closed with
prayer. A recess of a half hour was to be granted at 9 a. m. for
the purpose of taking breakfast (almorzar.). Three questions on
Christian doctrine were to form the memory lesson for the morn-
ing, and as many more for the afternoon. The last hour of each
session was to be devoted to hearing lessons and correcting work.
On the last Saturday of each month the two lower divisions of
pupils were to have a sort of contest among themselves in their
written work and in reading. The other Saturday afternoons the
first and second, departments were to employ in a very short mem-
ory lesson in Spanish grammar, while the third department should
review the questions of Christian doctrine learned during the week.
The most peculiar thing in the whole system, from our stand-
point, but doubtless one of the distinguishing ,methods of a Lan-
casterian school, was the division of the student body into two
general parties, "the Romans and the Carthaginians," each having
a president, six captains, and six corporals. The presidents were
required to know how to write well; to know the first four rules of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/48/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.