The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 2
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2 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
quent establishment of his colony upon the La Vaca came to the
ears of the viceroy and aroused him to jealous activity in behalf
of Spain. Two missions were established far in the interior of
Texas, as a formal announcement of Spanish ownership and a pos-
sible barrier to further encroachments of the French. But they
were doomed to be short-lived. The missionary impulse of the
vice-regal government was casual, and passed quickly when the fear
of French occupation proved groundless. The missions were
remote and feeble; the garrisons left to protect them were insuffi-
cient, and the soldiers increased the perils of their precarious exist-
ence by improper conduct toward the Indians. The savages became
threatening, and even openly hostile; the appeals of the friars to
Mexico for relief passed unheeded; and at last, October 25, 1693,
Father Manzanet and the few priests and soldiers who were left,
after burying the swivel guns, the bells, and other iron implements,
abandoned the missions, and set out to return to Mexico.' On the
return journey, however, four of the soldiers deserted and turned
back to live with the Indians. One of these was Captain Urrutia,
who remained among the savages seven years, and brought himself
in Historical Collections of Louisiana, second series; the translator has,
however, inserted dates and names, and his version should be used with
care. My references are to Margry.
2. Le Page du Pratz, Histoire de la Louisiane, in three volumes, pub-
lished 1758, Paris; English translation, two volumes, published in London,
1763. The translator frankly admits that he has omitted what he con-
siders unimportant; he has, and his selection of matter to omit is not
always wise. My references are to the French edition.
3. Journal Historique de l'6tablissement des Frangais a la Louisiane,
published 1831, New Orleans, La.; English translation in Hist. Col. La.,
part III. My references are to the New Orleans edition. The translation
4. Shea, English translation of Charlevoix's Histoire de la Nouvelle
In addition to these authorities there are many important documents
published by Margry, which will be cited with full title in references.
The Spanish sources which I have used are in the form of manuscript let-
ters, dairies, reports, etc., and are found in a collection of documents in
two volumes, entitled Documentos para la Historia Eclesidstica y Civil de
la Provincia de Texas, Libro I, which is identical with Memorias de Nueva
Espaia, Tomo ;XXVII. This collection will be cited as Texas MSS., and
the title of the particular document will be given with each reference.
fDictamen Fiscal de Espinosa, Texas MSS., 188.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/6/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.