The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 3
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Louis eAchereau de Saint-Denis.
so much into their favor that thirteen years after his departure
they had not forgotten him, and upon occasion clamored for his
return. Fray Hidalgo, one of the missionary friars, also returned
later to live among the Asinais, where he continued his missionary
work for several years, contemporary with Captain Urrutia's stay.1
He so endeared himself to the Indians that in 1714, when Saint-
Denis appeared among them, they expressed a strong desire to have
the good father return and resume his missionary work.
Upon the abandonment of the missions San Francisco and San-
tisima Nombre de Maria, Texas reverted to the undisputed posses-
sion of the savage tribes. For more than twenty years its history
is almost a blank. The Spaniards of Mexico forgot it in the press
of more urgent matters. The fact that an interval of twenty-two
years occurs in the dates of the official documents relating to Texas
is significant, as showing how little during that time (1693-1714)
these northern lands were in the thoughts and plans of the gov-
ernors of Mexico. The fear of a French intrusion into Spanish
territory, which in the years 1689, 1690, and 1691 had been strong
enough to induce the viceroy to send a company of priests and sol-
diers exploring far into the interior of Texas, grew less and less
as the years passed, and no further attempt was made by the
French to claim or possess the territory between the Red River and
the Rio Grande. The rulers of New Spain, satisfied with a poten-
tial ownership, fell into a state of indifference toward the north-
eastern lands. Out of this apathy they were brought at length by
another positive menace to Spanish authority,-nothing less, in
fact, than the disturbing apparition of a Frenchman, M. Louis
Juchereau de Saint-Denis, at the very gates of Mexico. It is the
purpose of this paper to relate in part the experiences of this adven-
turous French captain;2 to indicate the course of events by which
'Carta del Marquez de Aguayo, Texas MSS., 197; Declaracion de San
Denis y Medar, ibid., p. 123 vuelta. This Declaraci6n will be found in
French in Margry, VI, 214 et seq. A comparison of the French and Span-
ish copies reveals no essential differences in the two. The Spanish version
purports to be a translation from the French as given by Saint-Denis and
2"Louis Juchereau de Saint-Denis was a son of Nicholas Juchereau, sieur
de Saint-Denis, who was ennobled for gallantry and wounds received at
the defense of Quebec, in 1690. He was born at Quebec, September 18,
1676." Abb6 Tanguay, Dictionnaire G4ndalogique, 328.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/7/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.