The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 4
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4 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
the French, moving westward from Louisiana, came into active
rivalry with Spain; and to set forth how French enterprise and
aggression, reaching out across the vast wilderness of Texas, and
knocking at the barred doors of Mexico, aroused the Spaniards
from their lethargy, and set in motion their friars and soldiers to
re-establish the missions among the Tejas Indians, and to make a
permanent occupation of the lands east of the Rio Grande.
Although the Franciscan fathers made no further attempt for
twenty years to bear the message of peace to the Tejas tribes, they
were not idle; and among the Indians of Mexico the work of con-
version went on apace. During the years from 1690 to 1700 the
Jaliscan and Queretaro friars gradually pushed their missions
northward with the advancing frontier. In the year 1698 two
friars of Quer6taro, Francisco Hidalgo (the same Hidalgo who had
been with Manzanet among the Asinais) and Diego de Salazar
founded the mission of Dolores at La Punta (Lampazos) near the
Rio Sabinas; and the next year Salazar crossed the river and estab-
lished the mission of San Juan Bautista, of which Hidalgo soon
took charge. San Juan had shortly to be abandoned on account of
troubles with the Indians; but in January, 1700, President Sala-
zar, with the assistance of Hidalgo and two other friars, Antonio
Olivares and Marcos Guerefia, rebuilt the mission upon a site far-
ther north and near the Rio Grande. It was soon provided with a
garrison, and formed the extreme outpost of Spanish civilization
in this direction. Here for a time the advancing missionary wave
was checked. The friars turned their eyes longingly northward
across the wide plains of Texas, peopled with capable and friendly
savages; but they could make no forward move without the assist-
ance of the soldiers, and to all their urgent appeals and petitions
the government of Mexico turned a deaf ear. Father Olivares
ventured across the river, and proceeded as far as the Rio Frio,
but accomplished nothing, save to stimulate his own missionary
zeal. From here also Fray Hidalgo set out alone for the country
of the Asinais, where he lived and labored for several years.'
Upon his return to Mexico he found the friars still waiting at the
tRio Gran'de; the government still dilatory and indifferent; and no
prospect in sight of an early advance of the missionary forces into
'Declaracion de San Denis, Texas MSS., 123, vuelta.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/8/: accessed January 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.