The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 83
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The Southwest Boundary of Texas.
" Spanish first became familiar with it, the name of "Rio del Norte."
In its middle course it was called the "Rio Grande"; while further
towards its mouth, where it flowed through the country inhabited
wholly by wild Indians (Indios bravos), it took the name of "Rio
Brave," or sometimes, doubtless from color of its water, that of
"Rio Turbio.'"1 The second of these rivers in importance is the
Nueces, crossed and named in the entrada of General Alonzo de
Leon in 1689.2 Two years later, at the time of the entrada of
Domingo Teran, the name of the river was changed to San Diego.3
By the time of Ramon's expedition, in 1716, the name of Rio de las
Nueces4 had been restored, and it remained thenceforth the designa-
tion of the stream. The third most important river, the Medina,
was also named during the expedition of Alonzo de Leon. The day
before the arrival of his command at the Nueces, he makes mention
of an "Arte de Navegar," which was written by "el Maestro Me-
dina."r5 Whether there was any connection between the name of
the master navigator and that of the river is uncertain; but, at any
rate, the river was named during this expedition. Of the three, the
Medina is the smallest, and yet for more than a century it was des-
ignated' as the official boundary between Texas and Coahuila, while /
the one next in importance, the Nueces, was to answer the same pur-
pose for the provinces of Nuevo Santander and Texas. The largest
oT the three, the Rio Grande, plays no part in the determination of
boundaries, so long as Spanish or Mexican authorities control the
limits of the provinces concerned. To one familiar with the natural
advantages of the Rio Grande as a boundary, it must seem strange
that it was not at once selected as the divisional line between Texas
and its southern neighbors. To this principle of the selection of
natural delimitations, two things were opposed: first, the Spanish
method of limiting frontier provinces; and, second, the conquest
and pacification of Nuevo Santander, in 1748, by General Jose
'Altamira, Testimonio de un Parecer, in Yoakum's History of Texas, I
385. Discovery of the Bay of Espiritu Santo, THE QUARTERLY, II 254.
2Derrotero de Alonzo de Leon, 3 vta., in Colecci6n de Memorias do
Nueva Espaia, 27
'Teran, Descripcion y Diaria Demarcacion, etc., 26 vta., ibid.
4Ynforme de Domingo Ramon, 144, ibid.
5See note 2. Also No. 28088, Bulletin Trimestriel, No. 27, Juin-Juillet
1901. Librarie Ch. Chadenat, Paris.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/87/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.