The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 84
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84 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
Escand6n. The former affected the boundary with Coahuila, and
tliTtter that with the newly pacified province.
When these new provinces were formed from territory formerly
occupied by Indians, it seems to have been the policy of the author-
ities of Nueva Espaia to limit in a general way the boundaries of
each with its neighbors, on the south, west, and east, so far as it
/ had neighbors, while on the north they indicated no more defi-
nite confines than those afforded by the "many barbarous na-
tions," or the "gentile Indians."' Such we may conceive to have
been the early method of designating the northern boundaries of
Nueva Vizcaya and Nueva Estremadura. From the former prov-
ince the line of growth to the north led by way of the Rio Grande
valley. From the latter the march of Spanish civilization moved
across the Rio Grande, the Nueces, the Medina, and so on towards
the east. As the province of Nueva Vizaya became too extended
.for a single government, a new one, Nuevo Mexicd; was formed;
and, likewise, with the extension of Coahuila, Texas assumed the
dignity of a separate province under military rule.* The question
(f the southern boundary of each of these new provinces was easily
determined. The southernmost garrison of Nuevo Mexico was that
of the royal presidio of the Pass (El Paso). This was immediately
upon the Rio Grande del Norte; therefore, that river, as it begins
to turn towards the east at that point, should constitute the bound-
ary between Nuevo Mexico and Nueva Vizcaya. For the time it
would be unnecessary to define the boundaries at any other point,
because the only settlements were in the Rio Grande valley, around
the rude civilization of which stretched a desert, not merely of sand,
but also of savagery.
The settlement of the new province of Texas or Nuevas Fil-
ipinas2 nearest the City of Mexico was the presidio of San Antonio
'The former is the designation for the northern limit of Texas, in Memo-
rias de Nueva Espana, 28 162 vta., and the latter for the western, north-
ern, and eastern of Nuevo Mexico, in Altamira's Testimonio de un Parecer.
See Yoakum, I 385.
2The double -name appears February 9, 1716, in Relacion del HSargento
Mayor Don Martin de Alarcon, Memorias de Nueva Espania, 27 444 vta.
In Representation hecha por los R. R. Pads Misioneros, July 22, 1716,
Memories de Nueva Espanala, 27 163 vta., occurs this expression, "We have
conceived, most excellent Sir, great hopes that this province will be a New
Philippine (Nueva Filipina.)."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/88/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.