The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 86
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86 Tewas Historical Association Quarterly.
boundary between Texas and Coahuila by the Marques de Aguayo
in the account of his expedition in 1721. Other writers bear sim-
ilar testimony during this early period. The evidence they present
is of two kinds; that the Medina is the boundary between the two
provifines in question, and that the Rio Grande flows through terri-
tory whblly within other provinces than Texas. In speaking of the
province of Coahuila, the Marqu6s de Altamira says,1 "Next to
Nuevo Reino de Leon comes the province and subject people [gov-
ernacion] of Coahuila or Nueva Estremadura, in length from south
to north more than a hundred and twenty leagues, to the river of
Medina, where begins the adjacent last province and subject peo-
ple [governacion] of ours of Texas or Nuevas Filipinas." In
speaking of the territory between the Rio Grande and the San An-
tonio, he says,2 "From the said presidio of San Juan Bautista of
the Rio Grande to that of San Antonio de Bejar or Valero (which
latter is six leagues within the province of Texas), there intervene
another seventy leagues without a single settlement in all their cir-
cumference." The distance from the Medina to the presidio of San
Antonio is uniformly given as six leagues; thus it will be observed
that sixty-four leagues, or a full half of the length of Coahuila, lay
on the left side of the Rio Grande. Again, in describing Texas it-
self, he says,3 "From the said river of Medina at which begins the
said province of Texas to the presidio de los Adays at which it ends,
its length from south to north is about two hundred and forty
leagues, and its width from the west to the Mexican Gulf about
eighty." Thus he makes three different statements about the
boundary of Tefas and in all of them the Medina is expressly men-
In describing the course of the Rio Grande he shows with equal
clearness that no part of it touches territory belonging to Texas.
His description of the course of the river is interesting.4 "From
this province of Nuevo Mexico descends the river named del Norte,
which, coming directly towards the south, runs close to the said
capital of Santa F6, and to the royal presidio of the Pass, which
'Testimonio de un Parecer, Yoakum, I 384.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/90/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.