The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 87
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The Southwest Boundary of Texas.
has been mentioned. Afterwards it turns to the east and cuts off a
portion of Nueva Vizcaya, whence it receives the Concho river. It
traverses then the middle portion of the province of Coahuila, pass-
ing three leagues beyond its presidio of San Juan Bautista, called
from it that of the Rio Grande.1 * * * It continues still to the
east, crossing twenty leagues beyond the frontier of the said Nuevo
Reino, and from its presidio of Serralvo, it discharges its waters
with the name of Rio Bravo, through lands of gentile Indians un-
known to us." This description was written four years before the
pacification of Nuevo Santander began. It will be observed that
the Rio Grande, under its various names, is represented as passing
through Nuevo Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Coahuila, while it is
twenty leagues distant from the nearest presidio of Nuevo Leon, the
smallest of these provinces, with a length of one hundred leagues
and a width of about twenty. This fact is important in determin-
ing the later boundaries of this province, after the conquests of
Escand6n in Nuevo Santander. Nuevo Leon, today, remains shut
off from the Rio Grande by its neighbors, Coahuila and, Tamauli-
pas, while Texas, then in the same condition, has acquired nearly
all of the left bank of that river, and has received more than an
equitable compensation for the remainder.
The authorities already quoted seem of sufficient official weight
to form the basis for a tolerably certain opinion; but, in addition,
it is possible to quote the testimony of the cosmographer of the
Kingdom of New Spain. His utterances concerning the bound-
aries of Texas and Coahuila are equally as definite as those above
quoted. "This extensive country [Texas]2 has its beginning from
the river .of Medina, which is the dividing line between the province
of Coahuila and the former, which extends between the north and
east, in the direction of northeast, for more than two hundred and
twenty leagues in length, and more than seventy in width." * * *
iTeva Estremadura follows to the north-northwest of Nuevo Reino
'See note 2, p. 86.
2D. Joseph Antonio de Villa Senor y Sanchez, Theatro Americacno, II
320. The author is described as "Contador General de la Real Contaduria
de Azogues, y Cosmographo de este Reyno," and the work was written by
order of the viceroy, Fuen-Clara. The first volume appeared in 1746, and
the second two years later. (See Cavo, Tres Siglos de Mexico.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/91/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.