The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903 Page: 95
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The Southwest Boundary of Texacs.
divides it from that of Coahuila, and runs more than two hundred
leagues to the east, to the Adaes."'
Later in the same document the statement is made concerning the
uselessness of a new villa, not far from San Saba and San Javier,
and under the dominion of Coahuila.
Seven years later Governor Ripperda, in writing to de Croix
about certain Indians speaks of them as inhabiting "other islands
[extending] as far as the mouth of the Rio Grande del Norte in
the colony of Nuevo Santander."2
Having in view this mass of testimony from the inhabitants of
the province, and from its civil, military, and ecclesiastical author-
ities, one wonders at the statement of Bancroft8 that Morfi is un-
supported in giving the Medina as the boundary of Texas and Coa,-
huila. If the friar is mistaken, he certainly errs with a goodly
company. Bancroft further says that it is hard to determine why
the Medina, rather than the Nueces or Hondo, is uniformly spoken
of as the boundary of Texas. As we have already seen, it certainly
is so mentioned, and uniformly, too, by every writer who speaks of
the subject. And when we consider the Spanish method of begin-
ning a new province with a natural boundary near its first settle-
ment, it is not strange that the Medina and Nueces were thus
selected for Texas; especially since, when thus restricted, it com-
prised more territory than any of its neighbors. It is true, in the
early days, that the settlements of Coahuila and Nuevo Santander
clung to the Rio Grande valley, while those of Texas remained
above the Nueces and Medina, leaving the intervening space to the
"Lipans and Apaches. Thus there was little need for fixed bound-
aries, and yet these are always expressed in tolerably certain terms.
By the close of the century, however, the prospect of clashing land
grants bestirred the Spanish authorities to a more accurate delimi-
tation.of the three territories involved. By a royal cedula of 1805,
"the western boundary of Texas began at the mouth of the Rio
Nueces, thence up that river to its junction with Moros creek,
thence in a northeasterly direction to near the Garza crossing of the
Medina river, thence up that river to its source, thence in a direct
1Representaci6n to Ripperd, July 7, 1770, Historia 28, Archivo Gen-
'Ripperda to de Croix, April 27, 1777. Historia 28, Archivo General.
8North American States and Texas, I 604.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903, periodical, 1903; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/m1/99/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.