The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 7, July 1903 - April, 1904 Page: 250
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250 Tewas Historical Association Quarterly.
troops at San. Antonio, "for the protection of the coast and the
These troops began to arrive in the early part of 1835, and the
Texans particularly resented the efforts of a small detachment
placed at Anahuac to enforce the payment of tariff duties. In
March, 1835, congress decreed, as a part of the program of Cen-
tralism, the reduction of the militia throughout the Republic to
one man for every five hundred inhabitants. The rest of the mili-
tiamen were to be disarmed. 'The Legislature of Coahuila pro-
tested against this measure and was dissolved. Shortly afterward
Governor Viesca was deposed and a military governor installed in
All this was sufficiently ominous to arouse the apprehension of
even the most conservative Texans. What should they do? A
small but very active party-called the War party-counseled seces-
sion from Mexico. The great mass of the colonists would not think
of such a step, but they realized the necessity of some concerted
plan of procedure. Local committees of safety and correspondence
had already begun to be formed. Mina (Bastrop) took the lead
(May 8, 1835), and the movement spread rapidly. By the end of
August every municipality and precinct, or jurisdiction, had a
committee, and through these local organizations the call was issued
for a general convention or consultation.
The first suggestion of a consultation came from a public meet-
Sing held in Columbia on June 28.2 In less than a month every
committee of correspondence in the country was urging it. Encour-
aged by the general approbation, the people of Columbia held
another meeting, August 15, and appointed a committee to arrange
for calling the convention.3 The committee numbered fifteen, and
Dr. Branch T. Archer was its chairman. An address was issued,
reciting the various causes of the prevailing uneasiness and asking
the committees of safety and correspondence to take steps for
the election from their respective districts of five delegates to
meet at San Felipe in general consultation on the 15th of October.
'Brown, History of Texas, I 275.
2'Texas Republican, July 4, 1835.
8lbid., August 22 and 29, 1835.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 7, July 1903 - April, 1904, periodical, 1904; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101030/m1/258/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.