The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 7, July 1903 - April, 1904 Page: 30
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30 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
of our subsistence. My father, myself, and two younger brothers
were good hunters and our family though large, was never destitute
of meat. We had a few cows which supplied us with milk. Bees
were plentiful, and we were rarely without honey.
We had not been long here when the Tonkewa tribe of Indians
camped near us for two or three weeks. They begged importun-
ately but forebore from hostilities. They were much afraid of the
Wacoes who had a short time previously, during the absence of the
Tonkewa warriors on a hunt, fallen upon and massacred about
thirty of their women and children and old men. This masscre
took place on Davidson's creek twenty-five or thirty miles north of
our settlement. During the winter we cleared a few acres of ham-
mock or thicket land and planted our corn in April. It looked very
promising for a while but the severe drought of the ensuing sum-
mer blighted our prospect. We scarcely raised as much corn as we
had planted. In June, learning that some vessels had landed at
the mouth of the Colorado with a supply of provisions, father Amos
Gates and myself went down to purchase some flour. On our way
down we were joined by Robert and Joseph Kuykendall and Daniel
Gilleland. Just after we arrived at the mouth of the river another
schooner came in and landed several immigrants. Ten Carancawa
Indians were at the landing. They professed friend [ship] for the
immigrants but commenced hostilities a few weeks afterwards.
Father bought two barrels of flour and the rest of the party from
one to two barrels each. We paid twenty-five dollars a barrel. We
packed the flour on horses and mules. This flour afforded our fam-
ily the first bread they had tasted for seven months. Late in the
summer and early in the fall of this year, the Carancawas commit-
ted various depredations. The first chastisement they received was
at the mouth of Scull creek. Robert Brotherton had been severely
wounded by them. When this news was received about a dozen of
the settlers led by uncle Robert Kuykendall went in pursuit of the
Indians. The Tonkewas were at that time camped near his house,
and the settlers thought it prudent to take their chief (Carita) with
them to insure the good behavior of his people during the absence
of the party, whose families would be unprotected until their return.
Upon arriving near the mouth of Scull creek the party was halted
in order to spy out the Indians-for which purpose uncle Robert
took with him two or three men, and some time after night, they
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 7, July 1903 - April, 1904, periodical, 1904; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101030/m1/34/: accessed February 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.