The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 7, July 1903 - April, 1904 Page: 2
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2 Texas Hist cAscia5osi Q' .y.
tion by which he had gained supreme sovereignty over the state.
The power thus attained was used to persecute the adherents of
the "yorkino or popular party," to abridge the freedom of the
press, and to contaminate the courts of justice and equity. Under
such circumstances the people became restless, and frequent insur-
rections broke out in various parts of the federation which were as
often crushed by the arms of Bustamante.1
The Houses, during the session of 1831-1832, were the mere tools
of Bustamante and his cabinet. They even went so far as to
establish "special courts to terrorize those discontented with the
existing order of things, giving the government almost unlimited
powers, decreeing proscriptions, and rewarding crime. It [the
Congress] permitted the executive, without protest, to modify or
construe the laws at will."2
Such was the status of the Mexican government when the com-
mand stationed at Vera Cruz, unable longer to stand the arbitrary
acts of the existing government, published the Plan of Vera Cruz,
on the night of January 2, 1832. On the invitation of Ciriaco
Vasquez, commandant general of Vera Cruz, the officers of that
force met, and, fearing that civil war was imminent and desiring
to avoid this grave calamity, adopted the following resolutions,
which were collectively known as the Plan of Vera Cruz:-
"Art. 1. The garrison of Vera Cruz renews the declarations
made by the plan of Jalapa, to resolutely sustain its oath to pre-
serve the federal constitution and the laws.
"Art. 2. It beseeches the vice-president to dismiss the min-
istry, whom public opinion accuses of promoting and protecting
centralism, and of tolerating abuses against civil liberty and
"Art. 3. Two officers of this garrison will be commissioned to
present this proclamation to General Don Antonio Lopez de Santa
Anna, and to petition his honor to accept it and condescend to
come to this place and take command of the troops.
"Art. 4. In such case, the garrison will abstain from directing
any procedure and from taking final steps in this affair, since Gen-
eral Santa Anna will send this act, and the declarations which he
judges convenient, to the Vice-President and to the other authori-
'Bancroft, History of Mexico, V 102-103.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 7, July 1903 - April, 1904, periodical, 1904; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101030/m1/6/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.