The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 133
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
De Witt's Colony.
professed great friendship for the white people, but they were a
great nuisance on account of their constant thieving.'
The Wacos and Tawakanas inhabited the Brazos valley. They
probably belonged to the same stock.2 It "is said that they were
more civilized than any other tribe north of Mexico.3
In depredations within De Witt's colony, however, the Tawa-
kanas seem to have been the chief offenders. Although by reason
of its location on the frontier De Witt's colony was more exposed
than any other American settlement in Texas, even it was com-
paratively free from Indian hostilities of a serious nature. With
the exception of the destruction of Gonzales in 1826, which oc-
curred when there were not a half dozen families in the whole
neighborhood, there was never anything like a general attack on
the colonists. It is true, however, that occasional alarms were given
in the town when the women and children would take refuge over
night in the fort that had been erected for their protection, and in
1830 the uneasiness that was felt was considerable. It is well illus-
trated by the following letter written by De Witt :
"The condition of this Colony with respect to Indian depreda-
tions, is at this time Lamentable; the place has been since the de-
parture of Col Austin almost surrounded by them; they have killed
a number of cattle here, and have made every attempt, from ap-
pearance, to have made an attack upon the Town-they have also
stolen a number of horses and killed Mr. George W. Singleton up
at our Mill on the Guadalupe-and unless we can get the very
great favor of your Excellency to lend a few troops to that place to
guard the inhabitants for a few months, the settlement above
must break up."
During the next year, as will appear later, fifteen Mexican sol-
diers were sent.
As a rule the colonists showed considerable wisdom in dealing
with their Indian neighbors. Naturally, it often became neces-
sary to resort to severe measures by sending expeditions against
straggling offenders and punishing their leaders. But, when-
SDonaldson, The George Catlin Indian Gallery in the U. S. National
Museum in Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian
Institution, 1885, Part II 892; THE QUARTERLY, VI, 249.
8 THE QUARTERLY, I 27.
'December 28 (Archives of Texas, D, file 4, no. 352). Mr. D. S. H.
Darst says that in 1834 a few scattered families on the frontier of the
colony did move to Gonzales.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/135/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.