The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 205
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De Ledn's Expedition of 1689.
they made many demonstrations of affection. In front of the hut
was driven a stake, four varas high, on which were fastened sixteen
heads of Indians, their enemies, whom they had killed. They
were five nations joined together, (according to the account the
Frenchman gave), entitled Hapes, Jumenes, Xiabu,, Mescale, and
another.1 We counted eighty five huts. We distributed among
them some cotton garments, blankets, beads, rosaries, knives, and
arms, with which they were very much pleased. Five cattle were
killed for them, too, so that all persons of all ages might eat.
There were four hundred and ninety of them. We crossed a creek
about the time of evening prayer.2 4.
31. Thursday, the 31st, it was necessary to halt at this point,
because of the suffering of the horses occasioned by lack of water.
1. Friday, April 1st, we travelled down the river8 five leagues,
traversing some low hills. There was no lack of water-holes along
the way (en este distancia). The route during the most of these
five leagues was toward the north. We halted on this south bank
in front of the ford. The river' was forded, and found easy to
cross the next day. Now we had with us a faithful Indian guide,5
who assured us that he knew the country, and that he would bring
1Some of the same tribal names, apparently, in somewhat different form,
occur in the Letter, in connection with the Indian Juan's search for the
Frenchman "Juan Francisco." Here Mescale appears as Mescate; Hapes
as Apis; Jumenes as Chomenes.
'Five (Map). The Map describes the line of march for the thirtieth
as being toward the north, and as extending through four leagues; the
Itinerary omits the thirtieth, and apparently confuses the occurrences of
two distinct days in giving the account of what happened on the twenty-
ninth. There is possibly a copyist's omission, the restoration of which
might clear up some ambiguity in the following paragraph.
8The Map, like the Itinerary, fails to indicate what river. It shows a
northward line of march for the Ist, crossing an unnamed branch, or pos-
sibly the main stream, of the Salado, and ending on the south bank of the
'See note 3.
'The Letter states that the Pacpul Indian chief Juan, or Juanillo served
as guide to the party throughout the whole course; and that a Quems In-
dian was secured as a second guide, after they reached the Rio Grande.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/212/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.