The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 207
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De Le6n's Expedition of 1689.
merides of the Roman Andrea Argoli, which places the equinox
this year  on the 20th of March, we found by these tables
that today, April 3, corresponds to the 24th of March of this year
, which is the first since the bissextile. These tables, the
author says, he took from the Arte de Navegar, by the Maestro
Medina. It has been necessary to state these facts in explanation,
in case it should appear that a mistake has been made because of
our lack of modern tables. 5.
4. Holy Monday, the 4th, we marched northeast the most of
the day, east-by-north1 occasionally (algunos ratos), a distance of
8 leagues. At first the land was level, then there was a little mes-
quite thicket; and after that we got into a larger one, three leagues
long. We came upon a river, which, as we could see, even though
it contained little water at the time, overflows its banks in time
of rain more than half a league from the main channel. We called
it the Rio de las Nueces,2 because there were many pecan trees
(nogales)8 [on its banks]. It is somewhat rocky, and all its rocks
are flint (de fuego) and very fine. 8.
5. Holy Tuesday, the 5th, we crossed the river. We had to go
half a league down its bank, and then we went through a glade.
Then came (so ofrecio) a very dense thicket. We had to cut a pas-
sage into it for almost a league with our cutlasses and axes, because
of the numerous prickly pears and mesquite which blocked up the
way. Afterward we got into a mesquite thicket in which at inter-
vals we had to make a clearing. We travelled about seven leagues.
We came upon a river to which we gave the name Rio Sarco,4 be-
cause its water was blue. We went, I repeat, (como digo), seven
leagues, with many turns." 7.
1Cuarta al Nordeste. Supplying norte before cuarta to fill out the
ellipsis, makes it mean north by east. The Map has simply nordeste.
'As has already been noted, the Map makes this river flow into the Rio
Bravo-a good illustration of its wild guesswork. Bancroft, North Mexi-
can States and Texas, I 400, note 1, remarks that the Nueces was not the
stream vaguely known by that name before.
8Nogal is a general name applied to several kinds of ,nut-trees, according
to the local usage. Here the meaning seems to be pecan.
'Identified by Mr. Clark (TIHE QUARTERLY, V 179) with the Frio.
""Five leagues, but seven counting the turns." (Map.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/214/: accessed November 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.