The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 208
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
6. Holy Wednesday, the 6th, we travelled about three leagues
to the northeast, and two to the east. The country we passed
through was level, with fine pasturage, with very pleasant glades,
and, occasionally, little motts of oak. We came to a river, which
we named Rio Hondo. Apropos of this river, its descent on each
side is about forty feet ; near it, on both banks, are some insig-
nificant hills, some of them timbered. The water was plentiful,
so that the horses were easily supplied (con facilidad bebio). As
we went down toward the river we found some large white rocks,
on some of which we saw some crosses cut, and other figures arti-
ficially made with great skill, apparently a long time before. 5.
7. Holy Thursday, the 7th, we went more than four leagues
down the river without crossing it, sometimes east, sometimes
southeast ;2 we halted on the hither bank. The country is of the
same sort here as at the last stopping-place; level, for the most
part, though there is a little mesquite timber. Ever since the
thirtieth of last month, when we passed the village of the Five
Nations;" we have found along the line of march traces of Indians,
made some time ago; but not a single Indian has appeared.
8. Holy Friday, the 8th, we crossed from the other bank of the
Rio Hondo,4 and travelled east-northeast, the most of the day
near the river. We came upon two ravines (caiadas) near to-
gether. Here, it appears, the river rises in time of flood as much
as six feet. After the ravines comes a little creek in a thicket.
Here it was necessary to change our course for a while,
to let the loaded mules cross, which they did with difficulty, some
bogging up. After crossing this creek, we came to some very level
land, and then to a large mesquite thicket. In the midst of the
thicket were some pools of water, where we halted. We travelled
t"Tiene por cada lado la bajada mas de siete estados." The estado is
about the average man's stature.
""Four leagues to the east-southeast" (Map).
'The account of the visit to the Indian village is given above under date
of the twenty-ninth of March.
4That is, from the west bank. The expression is a little peculiar, but
the writer is speaking from the point of view of the 8th. This stream may
have been San Miguel Creek. Parkman (La Salle and the Discovery of the
Great West, 442, note 2) identifies it with the Frio.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/215/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.