The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 211
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
De Le6n's Expedition of 1689. 211
ravines. It was necessary in some places to clear away the timber
so as to pass through. The country was the most pleasant that
we had traversed; the river is not very full (caudoloso) and has a
good ford; its banks are covered with timber. Six buffaloes-the
first we had seen for a hundred leagues-were killed along the
way. We gave this river the name of Our Lady of Guadalupe,1
whom we had brought from Coahuila as our as our protectress,
and whom we had painted on our royal standard.2 6.
15. Friday, the 15th, the day dawned very rainy. None the less,
however, our whole party set out (salimos con el real) toward the
ford of the river, which was about a league away. We crossed the
river, but as the water prevented our forward movement, we halted
on a little creek. We travelled that day not more than two
leagues.3 As the guide said that we were near the settlement, a
council of war was held, at which it was decided that the next
day a reconnaissance should be made with sixty soldiers, while the
camp should stay in another place at some distance away, with
a sufficient guard.4 2.
16. Saturday, the 16th, after a mass to our lady of Guadalupe
'The Guadalupe is not so incorrectly drawn on the Map as the San
Antonio, especially in relation to the French settlement.
'The Letter sums up the account of the journey from the Rio Grande to
the Guadalupe in a single sentence: "We travelled on towards the north-
east and at times east-northeast, till we reached the river of Our Lady of
'The Map adds that the line of march ran eastward.
'Father Manzanet says that the Indian guide said the settlement was
fifteen leagues from the river. As to to the council of war, he says that
De Le6n asked his advice about what should be done to ascertain the num-
ber of Frenchmen in the village and the condition of things there; that
his advice was that a mass should be sung where they were to the Blessed
Virgin of Guadalupe, and that after they reached the settlement another
should be sung to St. Anthony of Padua. All readily agreed. After the
mass to the Virgin had been chanted, about nine o'clock that morning, the
council continued reaching the agreement that the Indians should be re,
tained as guides, and that "twenty-five men should travel on with us until
we should come upon the French village in the early morning, while the re-
maining soldiers with the beasts of burden should come behind us and
camp when they reached a suitable spot." They were not to move from
their camping place without De Le6n's express order; if they saw any
Indians, they should seize them and notify De Le6n of the capture.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/218/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.