The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 220
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220 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
rowest passage. On the south the river which we named Nuestra
Sefiora de Guadalupe falls into the bay. We did not actually see
its mouth, because it was impossible to reach that point; but we
came to that conclusion because when we crossed it1 we saw that
it was near the bay, and also because the Frenchman made a state-
ment to that effect. The arm of the sea which extends inland on
the north of the bay is so wide that we could not see land on the
other shore. On the shore of the bay, which we ran for about
eight leagues, we saw a topmast (mastelero) of a large ship, an-
other,-a small top-gallant mast,-a capstan, some barrel-staves,
and other timbers, which must have belonged to some ship that
was lost in the bay or along the coast whose harbor we had sighted..
After seeing and exploring the mouth of the bay, we went back
the same way we had come, and we camped for the night on the
bank of a creek near a little mott. Here had been an Indian
village, but it had been abandoned for some time. We found in
the village book in the French language, a broken bottle-case, and
other things, which gave us indications that the Indians of this
village had taken part in the massacre of the French. In this
creek, whose water was somewhat brackish, we found two canoes.2
cordingly, one finds the name Isla de la Florida on the early sixteenth cen-
tury maps embodying the results of his discovery. As a result of Pineda's
voyage of 1519, its true peninsular nature was discovered; accordingly,
the Traza de las costas de tierra firme (1519 or 1521) contains the legend
Florida que decian Beimini, que descubri6 Juan Ponce on the peninsula of
Florida. Later, the name is applied sometimes to the peninsula, sometimes
to a wider extent of country. (See Garcilasso de la Vega, Historia de la
Florida, Coxe, Carolana in French, Historical Colletions of Louisiana,
Part II; Shea, Ancient Florida, in Winsor, A Narrative and Critical His-
tory of America, IV chapter IV; and Harrisse, The Discovery of America,
'The Map does not show any crossing. The route there represented
strikes what appears to be a distributary of the Guadalupe about a league
from the bay, and follows its banks to the bay shore.
"'The next day [after reaching Ft. St. Louis] we went down to explore
the bay of Espfrita Santo, and coasted it until we succeeded in finding the
mouth; in the middle of this there is a flat rock, and all along the shore
of the bay there are many lagoons which it is very difficult to cross. Black-
berries are abundant, large, and fine, and there are a number of stocks
which seem to be those of vines, but no trees, and no fresh water. The
Indians dig wells for drinking water." (Letter.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/227/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.