The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 274
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Texas Hlistorical Association Quarterly.
more or greater imaginary undertakings for the benefit of man-
kind and the projectors, if all they have said could be strictly re-
lied on, than Nacogdoches; in it new imaginary republics have
been conceived and brought to mature perfection-new empires,
with all the reverence shown the gallant founders which has since
been magnanimously conferred on the exploits of Francis Berrian,'
and for a short time the residence of the youthful hero, who at the
time had the honor of belonging to the staff of a young Spanish
nobleman. From the time of the commencement of the first rev-
olution in this section of country which gave birth to the fame of
that pink of chivalry, Francis Berrian, there has been no less than
seven different flags displayed at different times, with the usual
formalities in cases of conquests.
Previous to the first expedition which passed through this place,
and of which General Gutterez was appointed commander, but
afterwards superseded in his command by the traitor Toledo,
through intrigue, Nacogdoches was a village of considerable im-
portance; since then it has passed through every vicissitude of
fortune, and at the time it was evacuated by the Fredonians only
contained five or six houses, and one small store. Within less
than three years about one hundred and twenty-five houses have
been erected, of rough construction; many of them, however, are
very comfortable, and the country in the vicinity is settling very
rapidly with inhabitants, principally from the United States of
America. The inhabitants of the town probably amount to about
630, exclusive of the military, of whom there is 269 stationed here
under command of Colonel Pedras. It likewise contains 8 stores,
a post office, tannery, with a considerable shoe manufactory at-
tached to it; 1 saddler's shop, 3 blacksmith shops, 1 silver and
gunsmith's shop, 1 hatter, 2 bakers, 1 confectioner, 2 tailors, 2
wagon makers, and 2 public houses.
How long the Mexican Advocate maintained an existence isnot
known. The fact that Mr. Slocumb is still set down as a printer
in the Padron for 1831 may or may not aid in determining this
fact. Certain it is, however that Nacogdoches is entitled to the
honor of having the second as well as the first newspaper to be
published within the present limits of Texas; for the first number
of The Texas Gazette, published at San Felipe de Austin, did not
"Perhaps a reference to the hero of the romance, entitled Francis
Berrian, or the Mexican Patriot (in two volumes. Boston: Cummings,
Hilliard, and Company. 1826. 12mo. pp. 299 and 285). The authorship
of Francis Berrian is ascribed to Timothy Flint (see Griswold, The Prose
Writers of America, 152).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/281/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.