The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 278
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
ernment and the missionaries-who responded in inverse order to
the two motives that have been indicated. To the government the
thing of prime importance was the keeping back of the French;
while the efforts of the padres were directed mainly toward the
spread of the catholic religion and the elements of civilization
among the Indians. Each was, however, affected by the special
motive of the other; and, as a rule, they worked in more or less
hearty co-operation. This will be made clear by a brief summary
Texas during practically the whole of the period from 1731 to 1836.
When the Mexicans were driven from Texas, the archives were left in the
hands of the Americans. With the exception of some papers that were
sent to the office of the Secretary of State at Austin in 1841, they re-
mained in the possession of B~xar County till 1898, when they were
turned over to the University of Texas. Had they been kept intact, they
would have furnished nearly all the information obtained from the other
sources included in the first class of material used, and would have
thrown a great deal more light on the settlement of the Canary Islanders,
and the workings of their municipal government. They have, however,
in the course of time, become very much scattered. Some of them have
been mixed with other collections. The Nacogdoches Archives and the
V. O. King Collection, for instance, both contain documents that were
evidently once a part of the B6xar Archives. Some of the documents that
must originally have belonged to these archives are known to be in pri-
vate hands, while the whereabouts of many such papers is, as yet, un-
known. The Nacogdoches Archives, consisting originally of local records
relative to that place, were transferred from Nacogdoches to the office of
the Secretary of State at Austin in 1850, and remained there till 1878,
when they were turned over to the Texas State Library at Austin. It
must have been during the interval while the papers remained in the
office of the Secretary of State that they became mixed with the B6xar
Archives. The V. O. King Collection, which has recently been given to
the State Library, contains various documents relative to the history of
Texas, among them being translations of several documents once in the
B6xar Archives, but now missing. Fortunately, copies of many such docu-
ments were made and sent to Mexico, and, therefore, the information gained
from the public archives of Texas was supplemented by the use of ma-
terials copied from the Archivo General de Mexico in Secci6n de Historia,
LXXXIV, and Secci6n de Provincias Internas, XXXII. Memories de
Nueva Espala, XXVII and XXVIII, and Ramo de Reales C6dulas, XLIV,
in the Archivo General, contain many documents relative to the very
early history of Texas. The contemporaneous accounts of the early mis-
sion work in Texas I have used are the Relacion of Fray Francisco de
Jesus Maria (belonging to the Agricultural and Mechanical College of
Texas) which is the earliest account of this work yet known, and
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/285/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.