The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 279
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Municipal Government of San Fernando de Bxar. 279
of the early efforts ,of the Spaniards to occupy Texas, showing the
operation of the motives and the use made of the instrumentalities
The missionaries having heard of the rich and fertile country
of the Texas,1 became interested in the conversion of its inhabit-
ants as early as 1683; and they tried, though without avail, to se-
cure the co-operation of the government for this purpose. The
project of Pefialosa for the conquest of Quivira, which, according
Espinosa's Chronica Apostolica y Seraphica de Todos los Colegios de Pro-
paganda Fide de Esta Nueva Espaia de Missioneros Fransicanos Ob-
servantes. Espinosa was in Texas during the greater part of the period
covered by the Chronica and his evidence should be valuable,-although a
cursory examination shows that he followed many of the documents in
Memorias de Nueva Espala, XXVII and XXVIII very closely, in fact,
copying long extracts without acknowledgment and so exactly as to de-
serve the accusation of plagiarism. The main body of laws relative to
the organization of Spanish colonial settlements is the Recopilacion de
Leyes de los Reynos de las Indias. In the use of this work, light was
thrown upon certain points by the Novisima Recopilacion de las Leyes de
Espaia, lib. XII, tit. XXV, and Los Codigos Espaloles, lib. VIII, tit. XII.
The Ordinances and Instructions of Don Alexander O'Reilly in French's
Historical Collections of Louisiana, V was valuable in the interpretation
of the Recopilacion, while the Coleccion de los Decretos y Ordenes que
han Expedido las C6rtes Generales y Extraordinarios desde 24 de Setiem-
bre de 1811 hasta 24 de Mayo de 1812, Tomo II, was found useful in the
same connection. In addition to these sources I have used the follow-
ing authorities: Bancroft, North Mexican States and Texas; Blackmar,
Spanish Institutions of the Southwest; Bourne, Spain in America;
Moses, The Establishment of Municipal Government in San Francisco, in
Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science VII;
Yoakum, History of Texas; and The Quarterly of the Texas State Histori-
cal Association, II, IV, V, and VI.
My special acknowledgnient are due to Dr. George P. Garrison, Miss
Lilia M. Casis, and Dr. Herbert E. Bolton for encouragement, suggestions,
corrections, and assistance in translations.-MATTIE ALICE AusTIN.
'At the beginning of the Spanish occupation, that portion of Texas in-
habited by the Asinais Indians was usually thus designated by the Span-
iards, although this nation was but a part of the Texas confederacy. (See
Dictamen Fiscal, Mexico y Noviembre 30, de 1716, in Memorias de Nueva
Espaia, XXVII, 175-209; Representn. hecla 4 su Exa. por los R. R.
Pads. Misioneros, ibid., 163-165; and Carta del P. F. Antonio de Olivares
4d . Exa., ibid., 165 vta.-196) For the carelesss use of the two names,
Asinais and Texas, and the attitude of Padre Francisco de Jesus Marfa
toward this, see his Relaci6n, 107 vta.-108, and 111 vta.-112.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/286/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.